Theories of Career Development and Work Adjustment

David R. Strauser, Deirdre O’sullivan, D. George Strauser

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Career development and work adjustment theories continue to evolve as researchers and practitioners explore what influences work integration and adjustment. These descriptions of career and work adjustment theories bring to light the complexity of career development and adjustment. This chapter provides an introduction to the relevant theories of career development and work adjustment that are pertinent to rehabilitation practitioners. It provides detailed descriptions of the historically important and foundational theories of John Holland and Donald Super that focus primarily on career development. The chapter then introduces the career construction theory, a metatheory aimed at modernizing career counseling to better meet the needs of a more fluid labor market. It describes the theories that focus on the process of work adjustment, a process that we feel is often overlooked and underdeveloped in both the rehabilitation and the vocational research and literature.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCareer Development, Employment, and Disability in Rehabilitation
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Theory to Practice
EditorsDavid R. Strauser
PublisherSpringer Publishing Company
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-8261-5816-1
ISBN (Print)978-0-8261-5815-4
StatePublished - Dec 2020


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