Theories of Career Development and Work Adjustment

Ellen Ritter, David R. Strauser, Deirdre O’Sullivan, Jenna Reid, Sara Khosravisnasr, Tim Cronin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter provides an introduction to the relevant theories of career development and work adjustment that are pertinent to rehabilitation practitioners. It also provides detailed descriptions of the historically important and foundational theories of John Holland and Donald Super that focus primarily on career development. The chapter presents an overview of the primary developmental and person-environment theories related to career development and work adjustment. Career development and work adjustment theories are a tool to guide the development of the working alliance between a rehabilitation counselor and individuals with disabilities. Theories of work adjustment are meaningful to rehabilitation professionals partly because career development for individuals with disabilities typically experience restrictions on career choice because of the disability in and of itself. Career development and work adjustment theories continue to evolve as researchers and practitioners explore what influences work integration and adjustment.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCareer Development, Employment, and Disability in Rehabilitation
EditorsDavid R. Strauser
PublisherSpringer Publishing Company
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-8261-9564-7
ISBN (Print)978-0-8261-9563-0
StatePublished - Sep 2013


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