Theoretical and experimental study of tip electronic structures in scanning tunneling microscope

Hee Sung Choi, Min Huang, J. B. Ballard, K. T. He, S. W. Schmucker, J. W. Lyding, J. N. Randall, Kyeongjae Cho

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The atomic and electronic structures of pyramidal model STM tips of transition metals (W, Rh, Pd, Ir and Pt) were investigated using density functional theory (DFT) method. The calculated density of states show that d electrons of the apex atoms in the M4 (M = W, Rh, Pd, Ir, Pt) model tips behave differently near the Fermi level, with the dz2state being dominant only for W tip. The electronic structures of pyramid structures of W and Pd single-atom tips with larger sizes are studied and compared. The density of states of Pd apex atom and W apex atom show different occupation of d-bands leading to asymmetric density of states for Pd tip. The asymmetric tunneling currents measured by W and Pt-Ir STM tips are explained by the calculated electronic structures of W and Pd model tips.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComputational Nanoscience - How to Exploit Synergy Between Predictive Simulations and Experiment
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2009
Event2009 MRS Spring Meeting - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Apr 13 2009Apr 17 2009

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0272-9172


Other2009 MRS Spring Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Theoretical and experimental study of tip electronic structures in scanning tunneling microscope'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this