The use of antimicrotubule herbicides for the production of doubled haploid plants from anther-derived maize callus

Y. Wan, D. R. Duncan, A Lane Rayburn, J. F. Petolino, J. M. Widholm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Four antimicrotubule herbicides, amiprophosmethyl (APM), pronamide, oryzalin, and trifluralin, were evaluated for their ability to induce chromosome doubling in anther-derived, haploid maize callus. Effects of various herbicide treatments on the growth and regenerative capacity of callus along with the ploidy and seed set of regenerated plants were determined. Flow cytometric analysis was also used to measure changes in ploidy levels of callus cells following treatments. More than 50% of the cells were doubled in chromosome number after the haploid callus was treated with 5 or 10 μ M APM or 10 μ M pronamide for 3 days. A similar proportion of plants regenerated from the treated callus produced seed upon self-pollination. APM and pronamide did not inhibit callus growth at these concentrations and the treated callus retained a high plant regeneration capacity. Oryzalin very effectively induced chromosome doubling, but severely inhibited the growth of regenerable callus and plant regeneration. Trifluralin induced chromosome doubling in a small proportion of cells at lower concentrations (0.5 and 1 μ M), however, at a higher concentration (5 μM) it inhibited callus growth and plant regeneration. The results indicate that APM and pronamide may be useful agents for inducing chromosome doubling of anther-derived maize haploid callus at very low concentrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-211
Number of pages7
JournalTheoretical And Applied Genetics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1991


  • Amiprophos methyl
  • Chromosome doubling
  • Oryzalin
  • Pronamide
  • Trifluralin
  • Zea mays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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