The Tree Row site, excavated 25 years ago, is a significant Archaic mortuary site. This volume helps further the understanding of the archaeological record in Illinois. Tree Row is a multicomponent site representing habitations dating to at least four distinct cultural periods spanning roughly 6,000 years. This volume focuses the Archaic period remains and occupations. These investigations document one of the most comprehensively excavated and analyzed Archaic habitation and cemetery settlements thus far in Illinois. The theoretical concerns emerging from this report may eventually require a comprehensive reevaluation of subsistence practices, settlement systems, and social interactions from 4000 BC to 2000 BC. The diversity in tool assemblage, the suite of plants and animal resources exploited, the number of individual interred, and the apparent longevity of this settlement have caused the authors to question the hunter-gatherer modeling that has served as the framework for discussing Archaic developments in the Eastern Woodlands for the last several decades.
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