The transcription factor C/EBPβ is a marker of uterine receptivity and expressed at the implantation site in the primate

Athilakshmi Kannan, Asgerally T. Fazleabas, Indrani C. Bagchi, Milan K. Bagchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

During early pregnancy, the endometrium undergoes pronounced hormone-dependent functional changes in preparation for embryo implantation. Local autocrineĝ€"paracrine signaling at the fetalĝ€"maternal interface is crucial for the establishment of pregnancy. We previously reported that the transcription factor C/ EBPβ, which is expressed at the implantation sites (ISs) in pregnant mice, acts as a key mediator of steroid hormone responsiveness in the endometrium. Mice lacking C/EBPβ fail to support implantation due to defects in epithelial proliferation and stromal cell differentiation. In the current study, C/EBPβ expression was dramatically stimulated in the endometrium of baboons (Papio anubis) during the window of uterine receptivity in response to a local infusion of chorionic gonadotropin, an embryonic signal. A robust induction of C/EBPβ expression was also seen at the IS in the baboon and the human. Collectively, our results indicate that C/EBPβ is a biomarker of endometrial receptivity and plays a conserved functional role during implantation in the primate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-443
Number of pages10
JournalReproductive Sciences
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Keywords

  • Endometrium
  • Implantation
  • Uterine receptivity.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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