The third wave? Inclusive privacy and security

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The field of security and privacy has made steady progresses in developing technical mechanisms, which I refer to as the first wave of security and privacy research. Since the 70's, human factors and usability have been recognized as a key property of effective security and privacy mechanisms. This is what I call the second wave of security and privacy research, focusing on usability. In this article, I propose and advocate for a third wave of research that I call inclusive security and privacy, which is concerned with designing security and privacy mechanisms that are inclusive to people with various characteristics, abilities, needs and values. I present a preliminary research framework and research agenda for advancing inclusive security and privacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNew Security Paradigms Workshop, NSPW 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781450363846
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event26th Annual New Security Paradigms Workshop, NSPW 2017 - Santa Cruz, United States
Duration: Oct 1 2017Oct 4 2017

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series


Conference26th Annual New Security Paradigms Workshop, NSPW 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySanta Cruz


  • Accessibility
  • Privacy
  • Security
  • Universal design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Software


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