The synergy between stakeholders for cellulosic biofuel development: Perspectives, opportunities, and barriers

Carrie Leibensperger, Pan Yang, Qiankun Zhao, Shuran Wei, Ximing Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


While understanding individual stakeholders' perspectives on the adoption and conversion to a biofuel-based landscape has been a subject of many previous studies on biofuels, there has been relatively little attention given to understanding how the interaction between multiple stakeholders involved in biofuel development could influence the widespread adoption of biofuel production. This paper analyzes the key stakeholder interactions utilizing various data sources including survey results, social media posts, and empirical and theoretical analyses. An intensive review is conducted for a number of surveys and research papers on different aspects of biofuel development such as land use choices, biorefinery and transportation, infrastructure development, consumer priorities, environmental impacts, etc. Following that, a stakeholder synergy approach is applied to synthesizing typical responses of stakeholders, such as producers, consumers, biorefineries, rural communities, and the government, and discussing how their responses influence each other's decisions and the overall system performance. Based on the findings of inadequate stakeholder synergy, it is recommended that new surveys and further research should be conducted to understand why synergy between stakeholders in biofuel development is absent. Additionally, this paper provides research perspectives, including (1) applying cutting-edge text-mining techniques to conduct sentiment analysis, and research and public attention analysis; (2) using an agent-based model to simulate stakeholder interactions and understand the factors that influence stakeholder synergy and the emergence of a bioeconomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110613
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • Agent-based model
  • Bioeconomy
  • Bioenergy
  • Cellulosic biofuel development
  • Stakeholder synergy
  • Text mining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


Dive into the research topics of 'The synergy between stakeholders for cellulosic biofuel development: Perspectives, opportunities, and barriers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this