In recent years, land movements in many countries of the Global South have played a pivotal role in pressuring their government to pass new land legislation that recognizes both customary and ethnic land rights. In Brazil, Afro-Brazilian land activists lobbied the government to include protection of the territorial and cultural integrity of black rural communities in the 1988 constitution. Since the mid-1990s, the national quilombo movement has effectively mobilized rural black communities around the issues of landownership and the regularization of quilombo territories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-168
Number of pages22
JournalAfrican and Black Diaspora
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 2010


  • Afro-Brazilian identity
  • Brazilian Black Movement
  • black rural communities
  • collective land title
  • quilombo land movement
  • quilombo territories

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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