Sexual harassment is increasingly recognized as a serious social problem with important implications for individuals, organizations, and society as a whole. Despite increased research attention, fundamental conceptual issues remain unresolved. The present paper proposes that sexual harassment is a stable behavioral construct distinct from but related to evolving legal formulations. Based on previous research and theory, we propose a tripartite model of this construct (i.e., gender harassment, unwanted sexual attention, and sexual coercion) and test it through confirmatory factor analysis conducted simultaneously in three populations. Results confirm the generalizability of the construct across settings (workplace and higher education) and cultures (United States and Brazil) and are discussed in terms of their implications for theory, research, and social policy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Psychology
- Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
- Life-span and Life-course Studies