The structure of conscientiousness: An empirical investigation based on seven major personality questionnaires

Brent W. Roberts, Oleksandr S. Chernyshenko, Stephen Stark, Lewis R. Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify the underlying structure of the trait domain of Conscientiousness using scales drawn from 7 major personality inventories. Thirty-six scales conceptually related to Conscientiousness were administered to a large community sample (N = 737); analyses of those scales revealed a hierarchical structure with 6 factors: industriousness, order, self-control, responsibility, traditionalism, and virtue. All 6 factors demonstrated excellent convergent validity. Three of the 6 factors, industriousness, order, and self-control, showed good discriminant validity. The remaining 3 factors - responsibility, traditionalism and virtue - appear to be interstitial constructs located equally between Conscientiousness and the remaining Big Five dimensions. In addition, the 6 underlying factors had both differential predictive validity and provided incremental validity beyond the general factor of Conscientiousness when used to predict a variety of criterion variables, including work dedication, drug use, and health behaviors. COPYRIGHT

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-139
Number of pages37
JournalPersonnel Psychology
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The structure of conscientiousness: An empirical investigation based on seven major personality questionnaires'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this