Most of the literature on black family life focuses on the problems of female‐headed families and overlooks the fact that the majority of all lower‐class black families have both husband/father as well as wife/mother present. The role of husband/father in the lower‐class black family has been essentially ignored. A sample of black women from intact families living in a predominantly low‐income neighborhood near the city limits of a large southern city were interviewed concerning their general outlook and attitudes about family life and future, or self‐determination, and their perception of the husband/ father's roles as provider, parent, and decision maker. The findings show that (1) the black husband/fathers have not abdicated their positions in the intact family, (2) they do perform a position function, and (3) the intact lower‐class urban family basically prescribes to the same middle‐class values of the larger American society.
Barnett, B. M., Robinson, I. E., Bailey, W. C., & Smith, J. M. (1984). The status of husband/father as perceived by the wife/mother in the intact lower‐class urban black family. Sociological Spectrum, 4(4), 421-441. https://doi.org/10.1080/02732173.1984.9981732