The gene coding for a soluble form of human E-selectin (sE-selectin) has been expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Cells seeded into a hollow fiber reactor secreted protein at a level of 160 mg/liter. The protein was purified to >95% pure and low endotoxin (<2 ng/mg), using physiological pH and buffers. The amino acid composition and N-terminal sequence were as predicted from the cDNA sequence. HL-60 cells bound to sE-selectin-coated plates in a dose-dependent manner, and this binding could be blocked up to 100% by pretreatment of HL60 cells with sE-selectin. The concentration of sE-selectin required for 50% inhibition was 1 μM. This value puts an upper limit for the affinity of E-selectin for its natural receptor. sE-selectin also inhibited inflammatory migration of neutrophils in a selective fashion. Purified sE-selectin exhibited a broad band of Mr ∼ 75,000 on nonreducing SDS-PAGE. sE-selectin eluted with Mr ∼ 310,000 from size exclusion chromatography at physiological pH and buffers, suggesting an oligomeric state. Matrix-assisted laser-desorption MS gave a molecular weight of 80,000, while the minimum monomer molecular weight from the gene sequence should be 58,571, demonstrating that the monomeric molecule thus expressed had 27% carbohydrate. Equilibrium analytical ultracentrifugation gave an average solution molecular weight of 81,600 (± 4,500). Velocity ultracentrifugation gave a sedimentation coefficient of 4.3 S and, from this, an apparent axial ratio of 10.5:1, assuming a prolate ellipsoid of revolution. An analysis of the NMR NOESY spectra of sE-selectin, sialyl-Lewis X, and sE-selectin with sialyl-Lewis X demonstrates that the recombinant protein binds sialyl-Lewis X productively. Hence, in solution, sE-selectin is a functional elongated monomer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 30 1994|
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