The Social Physique Anxiety Scale: an example of the potential consequence of negatively worded items in factorial validity studies.

Robert W Motl, D. E. Conroy, P. M. Horan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Social physique anxiety (SPA) based on Hart, Leary, and Rejeski's (1989) Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) was originally conceptualized to be a unidimensional construct. Empirical evidence on the factorial validity of the SPAS has been contradictory, yielding both one- and two-factor models. The two-factor model, which consists of separate factors associated with positively and negatively worded items, has stimulated an ongoing debate about the dimensionality and content of the SPAS. The present study employed confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to examine whether the two-factor solution to the 12-item SPAS was substantively meaningful or a methodological artifact. Results of the CFAs, which were performed on responses from four different samples (Eklund, Kelley, and Wilson, 1997; Eklund, Mack, and Hart, 1996), supported the existence of a single substantive SPA factor underlying responses to the 12-item SPAS. There were, in addition, method effects associated with the negatively worded items that could be modeled to achieve good fit. Therefore, it was concluded that a single substantive factor and a non-substantive method effect primarily related to the negatively worded items best represented the 12-item SPAS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-345
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of applied measurement
Volume1
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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