The role of spatial abilities and age in performance in an auditory computer navigation task

Richard Pak, Sara J. Czaja, Joseph Sharit, Wendy A. Rogers, Arthur D. Fisk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Age-related differences in spatial ability have been suggested as a mediator of age-related differences in computer-based task performance. However, the vast majority of tasks studied have primarily used a visual display (e.g., graphical user interfaces). In the current study, the relationship between spatial ability and performance in a non-visual computer-based navigation task was examined in a sample of 196 participants ranging in age from 18 to 91. Participants called into a simulated interactive voice response system and carried out a variety of transactions. They also completed measures of attention, working memory, and spatial abilities. The results showed that age-related differences in spatial ability predicted a significant amount of variance in performance in the non-visual computer task, even after controlling for other abilities. Understanding the abilities that influence performance with technology may provide insight into the source of age-related performance differences in the successful use of technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3045-3051
Number of pages7
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 17 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging
  • Cognitive abilities
  • Interactive voice response systems
  • Interface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Psychology(all)


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