The role of nitrogen on the deformation response of hadfield steel single crystals

D. Canadinc, I. Karaman, H. Sehitoglu, Y. I. Chumlyakov, H. J. Maier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We studied the role of nitrogen content on the stress-strain response of Hadfield steel (HS) single crystals under compressive loading. Two different nitrogen concentrations were examined for each orientation (0.05 wt pct and 1.06 wt pct) with drastic increase in critical resolved shear stresses (CRSSs) and strain-hardening coefficients compared to HS without nitrogen. The stress-strain response was strongly dependent on both the crystallographic orientation and the nitrogen concentration. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results revealed that, for the HS with 1.06 wt pct nitrogen, the hardening is influenced by the coexisting deformation twins and precipitates, which both act as strong obstacles against dislocation motion. A visco-plastic self-consistent (VPSC) model was modified to account for precipitation and twinning length scales in HS with 1.06 wt pct nitrogen for selected crystallographic orientations. Incoherent precipitates in the hardening formulation were treated as factors affecting the mean free path of dislocations. The model also accounts for plastic relaxation of precipitates with increasing strain and accurately predicts the stress-strain response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1821-1831
Number of pages11
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Volume34 A
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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