The role of category coherence in experience-based prediction

Andrea L. Patalano, Brian H. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Both real-world category knowledge and instance-based sample data are often available as sources of inductive inference. In three experiments using natural social categories, we test the influence of general category knowledge on the use of category instances to make property inductions both to other category members and to others in the population. We find that a category's coherence-the extent to which its features are interrelated through prior knowledge (Murphy & Medin, 1985)-influences inductions positively to new category members and negatively to the population. This effect of coherence is strongest with small as compared with large samples of instances. The results are interpreted from both similarity and explanation-based perspectives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-634
Number of pages6
JournalPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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