The rise of hierarchy and modularity in biological networks explained by empedocles’ double tale ∼2,400 years before darwin and systems biology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number973233
JournalFrontiers in Genetics
StatePublished - Aug 17 2022


  • biphasic bow-tie pattern
  • empedocles
  • evolutionary diversification
  • evolutionary growth
  • hourglass
  • molecular structure
  • papyrus
  • phylogenetic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Medicine

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