The RimL transacetylase provides resistance to translation inhibitor microcin C

Teymur Kazakov, Konstantin Kuznedelov, Ekaterina Semenova, Damir Mukhamedyarov, Kirill A. Datsenko, Anastasija Metlitskaya, Gaston H. Vondenhoff, Anton Tikhonov, Vinayak Agarwal, Satish Nair, Arthur Van Aerschot, Konstantin Severinov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Peptide-nucleotide antibiotic microcin C (McC) is produced by some Escherichia coli strains. Inside a sensitive cell, McC is processed, releasing a nonhydrolyzable analog of aspartyl-adenylate, which inhibits aspartyl-tRNA synthetase. The product of mccE, a gene from the plasmid-borne McC biosynthetic cluster, acetylates processed McC, converting it into a nontoxic compound. MccE is homologous to chromosomally encoded acetyltransferases RimI, RimJ, and RimL, which acetylate, correspondingly, the N termini of ribosomal proteins S18, S5, and L12. Here, we show that E. coli RimL, but not other Rim acetyltransferases, provides a basal level of resistance to McC and various toxic nonhydrolyzable aminoacyl adenylates. RimL acts by acetylating processed McC, which along with ribosomal protein L12 should be considered a natural RimL substrate. When overproduced, RimL also makes cells resistant to albomycin, an antibiotic that upon intracellular processing gives rise to a seryl-thioribosyl pyrimidine that targets seryl-tRNA synthetase. We further show that E. coli YhhY, a protein related to Rim acetyltransferases but without a known function, is also able to detoxify several nonhydrolyzable aminoacyl adenylates but not processed McC. We propose that RimL and YhhY protect bacteria from various toxic aminoacyl nucleotides, either exogenous or those generated inside the cell during normal metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3377-3385
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Volume196
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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