The relationship of Asperger's characteristics and schizotypal personality traits in a non-clinical adult sample

Ruth M. Hurst, Rosemery O. Nelson-Gray, John T. Mitchell, Thomas R. Kwapil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study examines the relationship between Asperger's Disorder (AD) and Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD), mutually exclusive but similar diagnoses [DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Washington, DC: Author]. The literature and comparison of diagnostic criteria suggest that the two disorders may overlap: AD social impairment with SPD interpersonal problems and AD communication deficits with SPD disorganized features. Questionnaire measures of AD and SPD were administered to a large non-clinical adult sample. Consistent with expectations, the Asperger's and Schizotypal questionnaires were positively correlated. Further, the social-interpersonal and communication-disorganized areas were positively correlated, though the relationship between social-interpersonal areas is particularly strong. Future research should continue to explore the relationship between AD and schizotypy to confirm current findings and improve understanding of distinctions between the disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1711-1720
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume37
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asperger's Disorder
  • Autism Spectrum Quotient
  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Schizophrenia spectrum disorders
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder
  • Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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