The relationship between carbon dioxide fixation and chlorophyll a fluorescence during induction of photosynthesis in maize leaves at different temperatures and carbon dioxide concentrations

C. R. Ireland, S. P. Long, N. R. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The rate of CO2 fixation (Fc) and 680 nm chlorophyll fluorescence emission (F680) were measured simultaneously during induction of photosynthesis in Zea mays L. leaves under varying experimental conditions in order to assess the validity of fluorescence as an indicator of in vivo photosynthetic carbon assimilation. Z. mays leaves showed typical 'Kautsky' fluorescence induction curves consisting of a fast rise in emission (O to P) followed by a slow quenching via a major transient (S-M) to a steady-state (T). After an initial lag, net CO2 assimilation commenced at a point corresponding to the onset of the S-M transient on the F680 induction curve. Subsequently, Fc and F680 always arrived at a steady-state simultaneously. Decreasing the dark-adaption period increased the rate of induction of both parameters. Alteration of leaf temperature produced anti-parallel changes in induction characteristics of Fc and F680. Reducing the CO2 level to below that required for saturation of photosynthesis also produced anti-parallel changes during induction, however, at CO2 concentrations tenfold greater than the atmospheric level the rate of F680 quenching from P to T was appreciably reduced without a similar change in the induction of Fc. Removal of CO2 at steady-state produced only a small increase in F680 and a correspondingly small decrease in F680 occurred when CO2 was re-introduced. The complex relationship between chlorophyll fluorescence and carbon assimilation in vivo is discussed and the applicability of fluorescence as an indicator of carbon assimilation is considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)550-558
Number of pages9
JournalPlanta
Volume160
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1984
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide fixation
  • Chlorophyll fluorescence
  • Photosynthesis, C (induction)
  • Zea (photosynthesis)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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