The relation between depression and appreciation: The role of perceptions of emotional utility in an experimental test of causality

Philip I. Chow, Howard Berenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present research examined the potential role of perceived utility of appreciation in depressive symptoms. In a between-subjects design, participants were induced to increase their experience of appreciation or their perceived usefulness of appreciation. Self-reported perceptions of emotional utility, actual experience of emotion, as well as depression scores gathered from semi-structured interviews, were obtained at baseline and post-induction. As predicted, although participants in both groups evidenced lower levels of depressive symptoms at post-induction than at baseline, there was a greater decrease among participants in the appreciation-utility condition than among those in the appreciation-experience condition. Further, perceived utility of appreciation was an important mediator in moderated mediation models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)797-806
Number of pages10
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 18 2016

Fingerprint

Causality
Depression
Emotions
Interviews
Research
Emotion
Induction
Depressive Symptoms

Keywords

  • Appreciation
  • Depression
  • Emotion
  • Gratitude
  • Perceived utility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

The relation between depression and appreciation : The role of perceptions of emotional utility in an experimental test of causality. / Chow, Philip I.; Berenbaum, Howard.

In: Cognition and Emotion, Vol. 30, No. 4, 18.05.2016, p. 797-806.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1852322cbaeb49218afb9aba543cfa02,
title = "The relation between depression and appreciation: The role of perceptions of emotional utility in an experimental test of causality",
abstract = "The present research examined the potential role of perceived utility of appreciation in depressive symptoms. In a between-subjects design, participants were induced to increase their experience of appreciation or their perceived usefulness of appreciation. Self-reported perceptions of emotional utility, actual experience of emotion, as well as depression scores gathered from semi-structured interviews, were obtained at baseline and post-induction. As predicted, although participants in both groups evidenced lower levels of depressive symptoms at post-induction than at baseline, there was a greater decrease among participants in the appreciation-utility condition than among those in the appreciation-experience condition. Further, perceived utility of appreciation was an important mediator in moderated mediation models.",
keywords = "Appreciation, Depression, Emotion, Gratitude, Perceived utility",
author = "Chow, {Philip I.} and Howard Berenbaum",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1080/02699931.2015.1022511",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "797--806",
journal = "Cognition and Emotion",
issn = "0269-9931",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The relation between depression and appreciation

T2 - The role of perceptions of emotional utility in an experimental test of causality

AU - Chow, Philip I.

AU - Berenbaum, Howard

PY - 2016/5/18

Y1 - 2016/5/18

N2 - The present research examined the potential role of perceived utility of appreciation in depressive symptoms. In a between-subjects design, participants were induced to increase their experience of appreciation or their perceived usefulness of appreciation. Self-reported perceptions of emotional utility, actual experience of emotion, as well as depression scores gathered from semi-structured interviews, were obtained at baseline and post-induction. As predicted, although participants in both groups evidenced lower levels of depressive symptoms at post-induction than at baseline, there was a greater decrease among participants in the appreciation-utility condition than among those in the appreciation-experience condition. Further, perceived utility of appreciation was an important mediator in moderated mediation models.

AB - The present research examined the potential role of perceived utility of appreciation in depressive symptoms. In a between-subjects design, participants were induced to increase their experience of appreciation or their perceived usefulness of appreciation. Self-reported perceptions of emotional utility, actual experience of emotion, as well as depression scores gathered from semi-structured interviews, were obtained at baseline and post-induction. As predicted, although participants in both groups evidenced lower levels of depressive symptoms at post-induction than at baseline, there was a greater decrease among participants in the appreciation-utility condition than among those in the appreciation-experience condition. Further, perceived utility of appreciation was an important mediator in moderated mediation models.

KW - Appreciation

KW - Depression

KW - Emotion

KW - Gratitude

KW - Perceived utility

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84925438486&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84925438486&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/02699931.2015.1022511

DO - 10.1080/02699931.2015.1022511

M3 - Article

C2 - 25809466

AN - SCOPUS:84925438486

VL - 30

SP - 797

EP - 806

JO - Cognition and Emotion

JF - Cognition and Emotion

SN - 0269-9931

IS - 4

ER -