The relation between depression and appreciation: The role of perceptions of emotional utility in an experimental test of causality

Philip I. Chow, Howard Berenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present research examined the potential role of perceived utility of appreciation in depressive symptoms. In a between-subjects design, participants were induced to increase their experience of appreciation or their perceived usefulness of appreciation. Self-reported perceptions of emotional utility, actual experience of emotion, as well as depression scores gathered from semi-structured interviews, were obtained at baseline and post-induction. As predicted, although participants in both groups evidenced lower levels of depressive symptoms at post-induction than at baseline, there was a greater decrease among participants in the appreciation-utility condition than among those in the appreciation-experience condition. Further, perceived utility of appreciation was an important mediator in moderated mediation models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)797-806
Number of pages10
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 18 2016

Keywords

  • Appreciation
  • Depression
  • Emotion
  • Gratitude
  • Perceived utility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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