The psychometric detection of schizotypy: Do putative schizotypy indicators identify the same latent class?

William P. Horan, Steven W. Gangestad, Jack J. Blanchard, Thomas R. Kwapil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The authors examined whether three indicators of schizotypy, the Revised Social Anhedonia Scale (RSAS), Magical Ideation Scale (MIS), and Perceptual Aberration Scale (PAS), identify a common latent class or taxon as conceptualized by P. E. Meehl (1962, 1990). The separate and joint latent structures of these scales were evaluated using taxometric methods in two large, independent samples. Replicating prior findings, the RSAS and PAS each identified latent taxa with base rates approximating .10. Results for the taxonicity of the MIS were less consistent. Analyses of joint latent structure indicated that the RSAS-identified taxon was essentially independent of constructs measured by the PAS or MIS. Measures commonly thought to tap the same latent class, conjectured to be schizotypy, do not share this property.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-357
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of abnormal psychology
Volume113
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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