The Pipe Creek Sinkhole biota, a diverse late tertiary continental fossil assemblage from Grant County, Indiana

James O. Farlow, Jack A. Sunderman, Jonathan J. Havens, Anthony L. Swinehart, J. Alan Holman, Ronald L. Richards, Norton G. Miller, Robert A. Martin, Robert M. Hunt, Glenn W. Storrs, B. Brandon Curry, Richard H. Fluegeman, Mary R. Dawson, Mary E T Flint

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Quarrying in east-central Indiana has uncovered richly fossiliferous unconsolidated sediment buried beneath Pleistocene glacial till. The fossiliferous layer is part of a sedimentary deposit that accumulated in a sinkhole developed in the limestone flank beds of a Paleozoic reef. Plant and animal (mostly vertebrate) remains are abundant in the fossil assemblage. Plants are represented by a diversity of terrestrial and wetland forms, all of extant species. The vertebrate assemblage (here designated the Pipe Creek Sinkhole local fauna) is dominated by frogs and pond turtles, but fishes, birds; snakes and small and large mammals are also present; both extinct and extant taxa are represented. The mammalian assemblage indicates an early Pliocene age (latest Hemphillian or earliest Blancan North American Land Mammal Age). This is the first Tertiary continental biota discovered in the interior of the eastern half of North America.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-378
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Midland Naturalist
Volume145
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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    Farlow, J. O., Sunderman, J. A., Havens, J. J., Swinehart, A. L., Holman, J. A., Richards, R. L., Miller, N. G., Martin, R. A., Hunt, R. M., Storrs, G. W., Curry, B. B., Fluegeman, R. H., Dawson, M. R., & Flint, M. E. T. (2001). The Pipe Creek Sinkhole biota, a diverse late tertiary continental fossil assemblage from Grant County, Indiana. American Midland Naturalist, 145(2), 367-378. https://doi.org/10.1674/0003-0031(2001)145[0367:TPCSBA]2.0.CO;2