SN 1997D in NGC 1536 is possibly the least luminous and energetic Type II supernova discovered to date. The entire light curve is subluminous, never reaching Mv = -14.65. The radioactive tail follows the 56Co decay slope. In the case of a nearly complete trapping of the γ-rays, the 36Ni mass derived from the tail brightness is extremely small, ∼0.002 M⊙. At discovery, the spectra showed a red continuum and line velocities on the order of 1000 km s-1. The luminosity and the photospheric expansion velocity suggest that the explosion occurred about 50 days before discovery and that a plateau probably followed. Model light curves and spectra of the explosion of a 26 M̈ star successfully fitted the observations. Low-mass models are inconsistent with the observations. The radius of the progenitor, constrained by the prediscovery upper limits, is R0 ≳ 300 R⊙. A low explosion energy of ∼4 × 1050 ergs is then required in the modeling. The strong Ba n lines in the photospheric spectra are reproduced with a solar abundance and low Teff. A scenario in which the low 56Ni mass observed in SN 1997D is due to fallback of material onto the collapsed remnant of the explosion of a 25-40 M⊙ star appears to be favored over the case of the explosion of an 8-10 M⊙ star with low 56Ni production.
- Nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances
- Stars: evolution
- Supernovae: general
- Supernovae: individual (SN 1997D)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science