The optical instrumentation of the ATLAS Tile Calorimeter

J. Abdallah, P. Adragna, C. Alexa, R. Alves, P. Amaral, A. Ananiev, K. Anderson, X. Andresen, A. Antonaki, V. Batusov, P. Bednar, E. Bergeaas, C. Biscarat, O. Blanch, G. Blanchot, C. Bohm, V. Boldea, F. Bosi, M. Bosman, C. BrombergJ. Budagov, D. Calvet, C. Cardeira, T. Carli, J. Carvalho, M. Cascella, M. V. Castillo, J. Costelo, M. Cavalli-Sforza, V. Cavasinni, A. S. Cerqueira, C. Clement, M. Cobal, F. Cogswell, S. Constantinescu, D. Costanzo, P. Da Silva, M. David, T. Davidek, J. Dawson, K. De, T. Del Prete, E. Diakov, B. Di Girolamo, S. Dita, J. Dolejsi, Z. Dolezal, A. Dotti, R. Downing, G. Drake, I. Efthymiopoulos, D. Errede, S. Errede, A. Farbin, D. Fassouliotis, E. Feng, A. Fenyuk, C. Ferdi, B. C. Ferreira, A. Ferrer, V. Flaminio, J. Flix, P. Francavilla, E. Fullana, V. Garde, K. Gellerstedt, V. Giakoumopoulou, V. Giangiobbe, O. Gildemeister, V. Gilewsky, N. Giokaris, N. Gollub, A. Gomes, V. Gonzalez, J. Gouveia, P. Grenier, P. Gris, V. Guarino, C. Guicheney, A. Gupta, H. Hakobyan, M. Haney, S. Hellman, A. Henriques, E. Higon, N. Hill, S. Holmgren, I. Hruska, M. Hurwitz, J. Huston, I. Jen-La Plante, K. Jon-And, T. Junk, A. Karyukhin, J. Khubua, J. Klereborn, V. Konstantinov, S. Kopikov, I. Korolkov, P. Krivkova, Y. Kulchitsky, Yu Kurochkin, P. Kuzhir, V. Lapin, T. Lecompte, R. Lefevre, R. Leitner, J. Li, M. Liablin, M. Lokajicek, Y. Lomakin, P. Lourtie, L. Lovas, A. Lupi, C. Maidantchik, A. Maio, S. Maliukov, A. Manousakis, C. Marques, F. Marroquim, F. Martin, E. Mazzoni, F. Merritt, A. Miagkov, R. Miller, I. Minashvili, L. Miralles, G. Montarou, S. Nemecek, M. Nessi, I. Nikitine, L. Nodulman, O. Norniella, A. Onofre, M. Oreglia, B. Palan, D. Pallin, D. Pantea, A. Pereira, J. Pilcher, J. Pina, J. Pinhao, E. Pod, F. Podlyski, X. Portell, J. Poveda, L. Pribyl, L. E. Price, J. Proudfoot, M. Ramalho, M. Ramstedt, L. Raposeiro, J. Reis, R. Richards, C. Roda, V. Romanov, P. Rosnet, P. Roy, A. Ruiz, V. Rumiantsau, N. Russakovich, J. Sa Da Costa, O. Saltó, B. Salvachua, E. Sanchis, H. Sanders, C. Santoni, J. Santos, J. G. Saraiva, F. Sarri, L. -P Says, G. Schlager, J. Schlereth, J. M. Seixas, B. Sellden, N. Shalanda, P. Shevtsov, M. Shochet, J. Silva, V. Simaitis, M. Simonyan, A. Sissakian, J. Sjoelin, C. Solans, A. Solodkov, O. Solovianov, M. Sosebee, F. Spanò, P. Speckmeyer, R. Stanek, E. Starchenko, P. Starovoitov, M. Suk, I. Sykora, F. Tang, P. Tas, R. Teuscher, M. Tischenko, S. Tokar, N. Topilin, J. Torres, D. Underwood, G. Usai, A. Valero, S. Valkar, J. A. Valls, A. Vartapetian, F. Vazeille, C. Vellidis, F. Ventura, I. Vichou, I. Vivarelli, M. Volpi, A. White, A. Zaitsev, Yu Zaytsev, A. Zenin, T. Zenis, Z. Zenonos, S. Zenz, B. Zilka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Tile Calorimeter, covering the central region of the ATLAS experiment up to pseudorapidities of ±1.7, is a sampling device built with scintillating tiles that alternate with iron plates. The light is collected in wave-length shifting (WLS) fibers and is read out with photomultipliers. In the characteristic geometry of this calorimeter the tiles lie in planes perpendicular to the beams, resulting in a very simple and modular mechanical and optical layout. This paper focuses on the procedures applied in the optical instrumentation of the calorimeter, which involved the assembly of about 460,000 scintillator tiles and 550,000 WLS fibers. The outcome is a hadronic calorimeter that meets the ATLAS performance requirements, as shown in this paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberP01005
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calorimeter methods
  • Calorimeters
  • Scintillators, scintillation and light emission processes (solid, gas and liquid scintillators)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Mathematical Physics

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