Digitization of fungal specimens began in earnest in 2012 with the funding of the Macrofungi Collections Consortium (MaCC) through NSF’s Advancing Digitization of Biological Collections program. In 2015 the Microfungi Collections Consortium (MiCC) was subsequently funded. The MaCC and MiCC projects digitized over 4.1M fungal specimens that are currently available online at the Mycology Collections Portal (http://mycoportal.org) and represent nearly all fungal specimens from the USA that have been deposited in fungaria in the last two centuries. These data allowed for a comprehensive survey of non-lichenized fungal specimens from North America (NA) that was recently published as a ‘protochecklist’. That publication documented roughly 45,000 NA taxa, of which nearly 20,000 names were supported by type specimens. While the work of compiling a more precise assessment of NA fungal biodiversity is just beginning, the MyCoPortal continues to support institutions in the USA and throughout the world in accessioning their mycological specimens. Recent developments include a GenBank sequence submission tool for ribosomal data, a Spatial Module with expanded mapping capabilities, improved data cleaning tools, an automated GBIF publisher, and the rMyCoPortal package for serving specimen data into the R environment. Future developments will include batch uploading of genetic data and links, a publication citations module, automated taxonomic thesaurus services via APIs, and a field guide that employs pattern recognition for automated identification. The MyCoPortal is now poised to facilitate and inform a wide variety of future studies focusing on fungal biodiversity, distributions, ecology, conservation, and phenology.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||87th Annual Meeting Mycological Society of America 2019 Annual Meeting; 10-14 August 2019, Minneapoli, Minnesota|
|State||Published - 2019|