The muon system of the Daya Bay Reactor antineutrino experiment

F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, W. Beriguete, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, R. E. Brown, I. Butorov, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, R. Carr, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. Chang, Y. Chang, C. Chasman, H. S. Chen, H. Y. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. J. ChenS. M. Chen, X. C. Chen, X. H. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. P. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, J. P. Cummings, E. Dale, J. De Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, E. Draeger, X. F. Du, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, S. R. Ely, J. Y. Fu, L. Q. Ge, R. Gill, J. Goett, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, X. H. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, G. H. Han, S. Hans, M. He, Q. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, P. Hinrichs, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, L. J. Hu, L. M. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, H. Z. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, G. Hussain, Z. Isvan, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, S. Jetter, X. L. Ji, X. P. Ji, H. J. Jiang, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, L. Kang, J. M. Kebwaro, S. H. Kettell, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, W. C. Lai, W. H. Lai, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, A. Leung, J. K.C. Leung, C. A. Lewis, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. Z.B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, P. Y. Lin, S. K. Lin, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, H. Liu, J. C. Liu, J. L. Liu, S. S. Liu, Y. B. Liu, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, K. B. Luk, Q. M. Ma, X. B. Ma, X. Y. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, K. T. McDonald, M. C. McFarlane, R. D. McKeown, Y. Meng, I. Mitchell, D. Mohapatra, J. E. Morgan, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, I. Nemchenok, C. Newsom, H. Y. Ngai, W. K. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevski, S. Patton, V. Pec, C. E. Pearson, J. C. Peng, L. E. Piilonen, L. Pinsky, C. S.J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, B. Ren, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, B. B. Shao, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, Y. H. Tam, X. Tang, H. Themann, K. V. Tsang, R. H.M. Tsang, C. E. Tull, Y. C. Tung, B. Viren, S. Virostek, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, L. S. Wang, L. Y. Wang, L. Z. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, W. W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, D. M. Webber, H. Y. Wei, Y. D. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, J. Wilhelmi, T. Wise, H. L.H. Wong, S. C.F. Wong, E. Worcester, Q. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, X. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, G. H. Xu, J. Xu, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, J. Yan, C. G. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, M. Yeh, Y. S. Yeh, B. L. Young, G. Y. Yu, J. Y. Yu, Z. Y. Yu, S. L. Zang, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, F. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, S. H. Zhang, Y. H. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, L. Zheng, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, Z. Y. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Daya Bay experiment consists of functionally identical antineutrino detectors immersed in pools of ultrapure water in three well-separated underground experimental halls near two nuclear reactor complexes. These pools serve both as shields against natural, low-energy radiation, and as water Cherenkov detectors that efficiently detect cosmic muons using arrays of photomultiplier tubes. Each pool is covered by a plane of resistive plate chambers as an additional means of detecting muons. Design, construction, operation, and performance of these muon detectors are described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-20
Number of pages13
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume773
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 11 2015

Fingerprint

antineutrinos
muons
reactors
Detectors
detectors
Experiments
nuclear reactors
Photomultipliers
photomultiplier tubes
Nuclear reactors
water
Water
chambers
Radiation
radiation
energy

Keywords

  • Cosmic ray
  • Muons
  • Neutrinos
  • Underground
  • Water shield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

The muon system of the Daya Bay Reactor antineutrino experiment. / An, F. P.; Balantekin, A. B.; Band, H. R.; Beriguete, W.; Bishai, M.; Blyth, S.; Brown, R. E.; Butorov, I.; Cao, G. F.; Cao, J.; Carr, R.; Chan, Y. L.; Chang, J. F.; Chang, L.; Chang, Y.; Chasman, C.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. Y.; Chen, Q. Y.; Chen, S. J.; Chen, S. M.; Chen, X. C.; Chen, X. H.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Y. X.; Cheng, Y. P.; Cherwinka, J. J.; Chu, M. C.; Cummings, J. P.; Dale, E.; De Arcos, J.; Deng, Z. Y.; Ding, Y. Y.; Diwan, M. V.; Draeger, E.; Du, X. F.; Dwyer, D. A.; Edwards, W. R.; Ely, S. R.; Fu, J. Y.; Ge, L. Q.; Gill, R.; Goett, J.; Gonchar, M.; Gong, G. H.; Gong, H.; Gu, W. Q.; Guan, M. Y.; Guo, X. H.; Hackenburg, R. W.; Han, G. H.; Hans, S.; He, M.; He, Q.; Heeger, K. M.; Heng, Y. K.; Hinrichs, P.; Hor, Y. K.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Hu, B. Z.; Hu, L. J.; Hu, L. M.; Hu, T.; Hu, W.; Huang, E. C.; Huang, H. X.; Huang, H. Z.; Huang, X. T.; Huber, P.; Hussain, G.; Isvan, Z.; Jaffe, D. E.; Jaffke, P.; Jetter, S.; Ji, X. L.; Ji, X. P.; Jiang, H. J.; Jiao, J. B.; Johnson, R. A.; Kang, L.; Kebwaro, J. M.; Kettell, S. H.; Kramer, M.; Kwan, K. K.; Kwok, M. W.; Kwok, T.; Lai, W. C.; Lai, W. H.; Lau, K.; Lebanowski, L.; Lee, J.; Lei, R. T.; Leitner, R.; Leung, A.; Leung, J. K.C.; Lewis, C. A.; Li, D. J.; Li, F.; Li, G. S.; Li, Q. J.; Li, W. D.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, Y. Z.B.; Liang, H.; Lin, C. J.; Lin, G. L.; Lin, P. Y.; Lin, S. K.; Link, J. M.; Littenberg, L.; Littlejohn, B. R.; Liu, D. W.; Liu, H.; Liu, J. C.; Liu, J. L.; Liu, S. S.; Liu, Y. B.; Lu, C.; Lu, H. Q.; Luk, K. B.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, X. B.; Ma, X. Y.; Ma, Y. Q.; McDonald, K. T.; McFarlane, M. C.; McKeown, R. D.; Meng, Y.; Mitchell, I.; Mohapatra, D.; Morgan, J. E.; Nakajima, Y.; Napolitano, J.; Naumov, D.; Naumova, E.; Nemchenok, I.; Newsom, C.; Ngai, H. Y.; Ngai, W. K.; Ning, Z.; Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P.; Olshevski, A.; Patton, S.; Pec, V.; Pearson, C. E.; Peng, J. C.; Piilonen, L. E.; Pinsky, L.; Pun, C. S.J.; Qi, F. Z.; Qi, M.; Qian, X.; Raper, N.; Ren, B.; Ren, J.; Rosero, R.; Roskovec, B.; Ruan, X. C.; Shao, B. B.; Steiner, H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. L.; Tam, Y. H.; Tang, X.; Themann, H.; Tsang, K. V.; Tsang, R. H.M.; Tull, C. E.; Tung, Y. C.; Viren, B.; Virostek, S.; Vorobel, V.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, L. Y.; Wang, L. Z.; Wang, M.; Wang, N. Y.; Wang, R. G.; Wang, W.; Wang, W. W.; Wang, X.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. M.; Webber, D. M.; Wei, H. Y.; Wei, Y. D.; Wen, L. J.; Whisnant, K.; White, C. G.; Whitehead, L.; Wilhelmi, J.; Wise, T.; Wong, H. L.H.; Wong, S. C.F.; Worcester, E.; Wu, Q.; Xia, D. M.; Xia, J. K.; Xia, X.; Xing, Z. Z.; Xu, G. H.; Xu, J.; Xu, J. L.; Xu, J. Y.; Xu, Y.; Xue, T.; Yan, J.; Yang, C. G.; Yang, L.; Yang, M. S.; Yang, M. T.; Ye, M.; Yeh, M.; Yeh, Y. S.; Young, B. L.; Yu, G. Y.; Yu, J. Y.; Yu, Z. Y.; Zang, S. L.; Zhan, L.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, F. H.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, K.; Zhang, Q. M.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Y. M.; Zhang, Y. X.; Zhang, Z. J.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhao, J.; Zhao, Q. W.; Zhao, Y.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zheng, L.; Zhong, W. L.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, Z. Y.; Zhuang, H. L.; Zou, J. H.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 773, 11.02.2015, p. 8-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

An, FP, Balantekin, AB, Band, HR, Beriguete, W, Bishai, M, Blyth, S, Brown, RE, Butorov, I, Cao, GF, Cao, J, Carr, R, Chan, YL, Chang, JF, Chang, L, Chang, Y, Chasman, C, Chen, HS, Chen, HY, Chen, QY, Chen, SJ, Chen, SM, Chen, XC, Chen, XH, Chen, Y, Chen, YX, Cheng, YP, Cherwinka, JJ, Chu, MC, Cummings, JP, Dale, E, De Arcos, J, Deng, ZY, Ding, YY, Diwan, MV, Draeger, E, Du, XF, Dwyer, DA, Edwards, WR, Ely, SR, Fu, JY, Ge, LQ, Gill, R, Goett, J, Gonchar, M, Gong, GH, Gong, H, Gu, WQ, Guan, MY, Guo, XH, Hackenburg, RW, Han, GH, Hans, S, He, M, He, Q, Heeger, KM, Heng, YK, Hinrichs, P, Hor, YK, Hsiung, YB, Hu, BZ, Hu, LJ, Hu, LM, Hu, T, Hu, W, Huang, EC, Huang, HX, Huang, HZ, Huang, XT, Huber, P, Hussain, G, Isvan, Z, Jaffe, DE, Jaffke, P, Jetter, S, Ji, XL, Ji, XP, Jiang, HJ, Jiao, JB, Johnson, RA, Kang, L, Kebwaro, JM, Kettell, SH, Kramer, M, Kwan, KK, Kwok, MW, Kwok, T, Lai, WC, Lai, WH, Lau, K, Lebanowski, L, Lee, J, Lei, RT, Leitner, R, Leung, A, Leung, JKC, Lewis, CA, Li, DJ, Li, F, Li, GS, Li, QJ, Li, WD, Li, XN, Li, XQ, Li, YZB, Liang, H, Lin, CJ, Lin, GL, Lin, PY, Lin, SK, Link, JM, Littenberg, L, Littlejohn, BR, Liu, DW, Liu, H, Liu, JC, Liu, JL, Liu, SS, Liu, YB, Lu, C, Lu, HQ, Luk, KB, Ma, QM, Ma, XB, Ma, XY, Ma, YQ, McDonald, KT, McFarlane, MC, McKeown, RD, Meng, Y, Mitchell, I, Mohapatra, D, Morgan, JE, Nakajima, Y, Napolitano, J, Naumov, D, Naumova, E, Nemchenok, I, Newsom, C, Ngai, HY, Ngai, WK, Ning, Z, Ochoa-Ricoux, JP, Olshevski, A, Patton, S, Pec, V, Pearson, CE, Peng, JC, Piilonen, LE, Pinsky, L, Pun, CSJ, Qi, FZ, Qi, M, Qian, X, Raper, N, Ren, B, Ren, J, Rosero, R, Roskovec, B, Ruan, XC, Shao, BB, Steiner, H, Sun, GX, Sun, JL, Tam, YH, Tang, X, Themann, H, Tsang, KV, Tsang, RHM, Tull, CE, Tung, YC, Viren, B, Virostek, S, Vorobel, V, Wang, CH, Wang, LS, Wang, LY, Wang, LZ, Wang, M, Wang, NY, Wang, RG, Wang, W, Wang, WW, Wang, X, Wang, YF, Wang, Z, Wang, Z, Wang, ZM, Webber, DM, Wei, HY, Wei, YD, Wen, LJ, Whisnant, K, White, CG, Whitehead, L, Wilhelmi, J, Wise, T, Wong, HLH, Wong, SCF, Worcester, E, Wu, Q, Xia, DM, Xia, JK, Xia, X, Xing, ZZ, Xu, GH, Xu, J, Xu, JL, Xu, JY, Xu, Y, Xue, T, Yan, J, Yang, CG, Yang, L, Yang, MS, Yang, MT, Ye, M, Yeh, M, Yeh, YS, Young, BL, Yu, GY, Yu, JY, Yu, ZY, Zang, SL, Zhan, L, Zhang, C, Zhang, FH, Zhang, JW, Zhang, K, Zhang, QM, Zhang, SH, Zhang, YH, Zhang, YM, Zhang, YX, Zhang, ZJ, Zhang, ZP, Zhang, ZY, Zhao, J, Zhao, QW, Zhao, Y, Zhao, YB, Zheng, L, Zhong, WL, Zhou, L, Zhou, ZY, Zhuang, HL & Zou, JH 2015, 'The muon system of the Daya Bay Reactor antineutrino experiment', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 773, pp. 8-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2014.09.070
An, F. P. ; Balantekin, A. B. ; Band, H. R. ; Beriguete, W. ; Bishai, M. ; Blyth, S. ; Brown, R. E. ; Butorov, I. ; Cao, G. F. ; Cao, J. ; Carr, R. ; Chan, Y. L. ; Chang, J. F. ; Chang, L. ; Chang, Y. ; Chasman, C. ; Chen, H. S. ; Chen, H. Y. ; Chen, Q. Y. ; Chen, S. J. ; Chen, S. M. ; Chen, X. C. ; Chen, X. H. ; Chen, Y. ; Chen, Y. X. ; Cheng, Y. P. ; Cherwinka, J. J. ; Chu, M. C. ; Cummings, J. P. ; Dale, E. ; De Arcos, J. ; Deng, Z. Y. ; Ding, Y. Y. ; Diwan, M. V. ; Draeger, E. ; Du, X. F. ; Dwyer, D. A. ; Edwards, W. R. ; Ely, S. R. ; Fu, J. Y. ; Ge, L. Q. ; Gill, R. ; Goett, J. ; Gonchar, M. ; Gong, G. H. ; Gong, H. ; Gu, W. Q. ; Guan, M. Y. ; Guo, X. H. ; Hackenburg, R. W. ; Han, G. H. ; Hans, S. ; He, M. ; He, Q. ; Heeger, K. M. ; Heng, Y. K. ; Hinrichs, P. ; Hor, Y. K. ; Hsiung, Y. B. ; Hu, B. Z. ; Hu, L. J. ; Hu, L. M. ; Hu, T. ; Hu, W. ; Huang, E. C. ; Huang, H. X. ; Huang, H. Z. ; Huang, X. T. ; Huber, P. ; Hussain, G. ; Isvan, Z. ; Jaffe, D. E. ; Jaffke, P. ; Jetter, S. ; Ji, X. L. ; Ji, X. P. ; Jiang, H. J. ; Jiao, J. B. ; Johnson, R. A. ; Kang, L. ; Kebwaro, J. M. ; Kettell, S. H. ; Kramer, M. ; Kwan, K. K. ; Kwok, M. W. ; Kwok, T. ; Lai, W. C. ; Lai, W. H. ; Lau, K. ; Lebanowski, L. ; Lee, J. ; Lei, R. T. ; Leitner, R. ; Leung, A. ; Leung, J. K.C. ; Lewis, C. A. ; Li, D. J. ; Li, F. ; Li, G. S. ; Li, Q. J. ; Li, W. D. ; Li, X. N. ; Li, X. Q. ; Li, Y. Z.B. ; Liang, H. ; Lin, C. J. ; Lin, G. L. ; Lin, P. Y. ; Lin, S. K. ; Link, J. M. ; Littenberg, L. ; Littlejohn, B. R. ; Liu, D. W. ; Liu, H. ; Liu, J. C. ; Liu, J. L. ; Liu, S. S. ; Liu, Y. B. ; Lu, C. ; Lu, H. Q. ; Luk, K. B. ; Ma, Q. M. ; Ma, X. B. ; Ma, X. Y. ; Ma, Y. Q. ; McDonald, K. T. ; McFarlane, M. C. ; McKeown, R. D. ; Meng, Y. ; Mitchell, I. ; Mohapatra, D. ; Morgan, J. E. ; Nakajima, Y. ; Napolitano, J. ; Naumov, D. ; Naumova, E. ; Nemchenok, I. ; Newsom, C. ; Ngai, H. Y. ; Ngai, W. K. ; Ning, Z. ; Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P. ; Olshevski, A. ; Patton, S. ; Pec, V. ; Pearson, C. E. ; Peng, J. C. ; Piilonen, L. E. ; Pinsky, L. ; Pun, C. S.J. ; Qi, F. Z. ; Qi, M. ; Qian, X. ; Raper, N. ; Ren, B. ; Ren, J. ; Rosero, R. ; Roskovec, B. ; Ruan, X. C. ; Shao, B. B. ; Steiner, H. ; Sun, G. X. ; Sun, J. L. ; Tam, Y. H. ; Tang, X. ; Themann, H. ; Tsang, K. V. ; Tsang, R. H.M. ; Tull, C. E. ; Tung, Y. C. ; Viren, B. ; Virostek, S. ; Vorobel, V. ; Wang, C. H. ; Wang, L. S. ; Wang, L. Y. ; Wang, L. Z. ; Wang, M. ; Wang, N. Y. ; Wang, R. G. ; Wang, W. ; Wang, W. W. ; Wang, X. ; Wang, Y. F. ; Wang, Z. ; Wang, Z. ; Wang, Z. M. ; Webber, D. M. ; Wei, H. Y. ; Wei, Y. D. ; Wen, L. J. ; Whisnant, K. ; White, C. G. ; Whitehead, L. ; Wilhelmi, J. ; Wise, T. ; Wong, H. L.H. ; Wong, S. C.F. ; Worcester, E. ; Wu, Q. ; Xia, D. M. ; Xia, J. K. ; Xia, X. ; Xing, Z. Z. ; Xu, G. H. ; Xu, J. ; Xu, J. L. ; Xu, J. Y. ; Xu, Y. ; Xue, T. ; Yan, J. ; Yang, C. G. ; Yang, L. ; Yang, M. S. ; Yang, M. T. ; Ye, M. ; Yeh, M. ; Yeh, Y. S. ; Young, B. L. ; Yu, G. Y. ; Yu, J. Y. ; Yu, Z. Y. ; Zang, S. L. ; Zhan, L. ; Zhang, C. ; Zhang, F. H. ; Zhang, J. W. ; Zhang, K. ; Zhang, Q. M. ; Zhang, S. H. ; Zhang, Y. H. ; Zhang, Y. M. ; Zhang, Y. X. ; Zhang, Z. J. ; Zhang, Z. P. ; Zhang, Z. Y. ; Zhao, J. ; Zhao, Q. W. ; Zhao, Y. ; Zhao, Y. B. ; Zheng, L. ; Zhong, W. L. ; Zhou, L. ; Zhou, Z. Y. ; Zhuang, H. L. ; Zou, J. H. / The muon system of the Daya Bay Reactor antineutrino experiment. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2015 ; Vol. 773. pp. 8-20.
@article{125f2d6faa524709ab0710371a633db4,
title = "The muon system of the Daya Bay Reactor antineutrino experiment",
abstract = "The Daya Bay experiment consists of functionally identical antineutrino detectors immersed in pools of ultrapure water in three well-separated underground experimental halls near two nuclear reactor complexes. These pools serve both as shields against natural, low-energy radiation, and as water Cherenkov detectors that efficiently detect cosmic muons using arrays of photomultiplier tubes. Each pool is covered by a plane of resistive plate chambers as an additional means of detecting muons. Design, construction, operation, and performance of these muon detectors are described.",
keywords = "Cosmic ray, Muons, Neutrinos, Underground, Water shield",
author = "An, {F. P.} and Balantekin, {A. B.} and Band, {H. R.} and W. Beriguete and M. Bishai and S. Blyth and Brown, {R. E.} and I. Butorov and Cao, {G. F.} and J. Cao and R. Carr and Chan, {Y. L.} and Chang, {J. F.} and L. Chang and Y. Chang and C. Chasman and Chen, {H. S.} and Chen, {H. Y.} and Chen, {Q. Y.} and Chen, {S. J.} and Chen, {S. M.} and Chen, {X. C.} and Chen, {X. H.} and Y. Chen and Chen, {Y. X.} and Cheng, {Y. P.} and Cherwinka, {J. J.} and Chu, {M. C.} and Cummings, {J. P.} and E. Dale and {De Arcos}, J. and Deng, {Z. Y.} and Ding, {Y. Y.} and Diwan, {M. V.} and E. Draeger and Du, {X. F.} and Dwyer, {D. A.} and Edwards, {W. R.} and Ely, {S. R.} and Fu, {J. Y.} and Ge, {L. Q.} and R. Gill and J. Goett and M. Gonchar and Gong, {G. H.} and H. Gong and Gu, {W. Q.} and Guan, {M. Y.} and Guo, {X. H.} and Hackenburg, {R. W.} and Han, {G. H.} and S. Hans and M. He and Q. He and Heeger, {K. M.} and Heng, {Y. K.} and P. Hinrichs and Hor, {Y. K.} and Hsiung, {Y. B.} and Hu, {B. Z.} and Hu, {L. J.} and Hu, {L. M.} and T. Hu and W. Hu and Huang, {E. C.} and Huang, {H. X.} and Huang, {H. Z.} and Huang, {X. T.} and P. Huber and G. Hussain and Z. Isvan and Jaffe, {D. E.} and P. Jaffke and S. Jetter and Ji, {X. L.} and Ji, {X. P.} and Jiang, {H. J.} and Jiao, {J. B.} and Johnson, {R. A.} and L. Kang and Kebwaro, {J. M.} and Kettell, {S. H.} and M. Kramer and Kwan, {K. K.} and Kwok, {M. W.} and T. Kwok and Lai, {W. C.} and Lai, {W. H.} and K. Lau and L. Lebanowski and J. Lee and Lei, {R. T.} and R. Leitner and A. Leung and Leung, {J. K.C.} and Lewis, {C. A.} and Li, {D. J.} and F. Li and Li, {G. S.} and Li, {Q. J.} and Li, {W. D.} and Li, {X. N.} and Li, {X. Q.} and Li, {Y. Z.B.} and H. Liang and Lin, {C. J.} and Lin, {G. L.} and Lin, {P. Y.} and Lin, {S. K.} and Link, {J. M.} and L. Littenberg and Littlejohn, {B. R.} and Liu, {D. W.} and H. Liu and Liu, {J. C.} and Liu, {J. L.} and Liu, {S. S.} and Liu, {Y. B.} and C. Lu and Lu, {H. Q.} and Luk, {K. B.} and Ma, {Q. M.} and Ma, {X. B.} and Ma, {X. Y.} and Ma, {Y. Q.} and McDonald, {K. T.} and McFarlane, {M. C.} and McKeown, {R. D.} and Y. Meng and I. Mitchell and D. Mohapatra and Morgan, {J. E.} and Y. Nakajima and J. Napolitano and D. Naumov and E. Naumova and I. Nemchenok and C. Newsom and Ngai, {H. Y.} and Ngai, {W. K.} and Z. Ning and Ochoa-Ricoux, {J. P.} and A. Olshevski and S. Patton and V. Pec and Pearson, {C. E.} and Peng, {J. C.} and Piilonen, {L. E.} and L. Pinsky and Pun, {C. S.J.} and Qi, {F. Z.} and M. Qi and X. Qian and N. Raper and B. Ren and J. Ren and R. Rosero and B. Roskovec and Ruan, {X. C.} and Shao, {B. B.} and H. Steiner and Sun, {G. X.} and Sun, {J. L.} and Tam, {Y. H.} and X. Tang and H. Themann and Tsang, {K. V.} and Tsang, {R. H.M.} and Tull, {C. E.} and Tung, {Y. C.} and B. Viren and S. Virostek and V. Vorobel and Wang, {C. H.} and Wang, {L. S.} and Wang, {L. Y.} and Wang, {L. Z.} and M. Wang and Wang, {N. Y.} and Wang, {R. G.} and W. Wang and Wang, {W. W.} and X. Wang and Wang, {Y. F.} and Z. Wang and Z. Wang and Wang, {Z. M.} and Webber, {D. M.} and Wei, {H. Y.} and Wei, {Y. D.} and Wen, {L. J.} and K. Whisnant and White, {C. G.} and L. Whitehead and J. Wilhelmi and T. Wise and Wong, {H. L.H.} and Wong, {S. C.F.} and E. Worcester and Q. Wu and Xia, {D. M.} and Xia, {J. K.} and X. Xia and Xing, {Z. Z.} and Xu, {G. H.} and J. Xu and Xu, {J. L.} and Xu, {J. Y.} and Y. Xu and T. Xue and J. Yan and Yang, {C. G.} and L. Yang and Yang, {M. S.} and Yang, {M. T.} and M. Ye and M. Yeh and Yeh, {Y. S.} and Young, {B. L.} and Yu, {G. Y.} and Yu, {J. Y.} and Yu, {Z. Y.} and Zang, {S. L.} and L. Zhan and C. Zhang and Zhang, {F. H.} and Zhang, {J. W.} and K. Zhang and Zhang, {Q. M.} and Zhang, {S. H.} and Zhang, {Y. H.} and Zhang, {Y. M.} and Zhang, {Y. X.} and Zhang, {Z. J.} and Zhang, {Z. P.} and Zhang, {Z. Y.} and J. Zhao and Zhao, {Q. W.} and Y. Zhao and Zhao, {Y. B.} and L. Zheng and Zhong, {W. L.} and L. Zhou and Zhou, {Z. Y.} and Zhuang, {H. L.} and Zou, {J. H.}",
year = "2015",
month = "2",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.nima.2014.09.070",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "773",
pages = "8--20",
journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
issn = "0168-9002",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The muon system of the Daya Bay Reactor antineutrino experiment

AU - An, F. P.

AU - Balantekin, A. B.

AU - Band, H. R.

AU - Beriguete, W.

AU - Bishai, M.

AU - Blyth, S.

AU - Brown, R. E.

AU - Butorov, I.

AU - Cao, G. F.

AU - Cao, J.

AU - Carr, R.

AU - Chan, Y. L.

AU - Chang, J. F.

AU - Chang, L.

AU - Chang, Y.

AU - Chasman, C.

AU - Chen, H. S.

AU - Chen, H. Y.

AU - Chen, Q. Y.

AU - Chen, S. J.

AU - Chen, S. M.

AU - Chen, X. C.

AU - Chen, X. H.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Chen, Y. X.

AU - Cheng, Y. P.

AU - Cherwinka, J. J.

AU - Chu, M. C.

AU - Cummings, J. P.

AU - Dale, E.

AU - De Arcos, J.

AU - Deng, Z. Y.

AU - Ding, Y. Y.

AU - Diwan, M. V.

AU - Draeger, E.

AU - Du, X. F.

AU - Dwyer, D. A.

AU - Edwards, W. R.

AU - Ely, S. R.

AU - Fu, J. Y.

AU - Ge, L. Q.

AU - Gill, R.

AU - Goett, J.

AU - Gonchar, M.

AU - Gong, G. H.

AU - Gong, H.

AU - Gu, W. Q.

AU - Guan, M. Y.

AU - Guo, X. H.

AU - Hackenburg, R. W.

AU - Han, G. H.

AU - Hans, S.

AU - He, M.

AU - He, Q.

AU - Heeger, K. M.

AU - Heng, Y. K.

AU - Hinrichs, P.

AU - Hor, Y. K.

AU - Hsiung, Y. B.

AU - Hu, B. Z.

AU - Hu, L. J.

AU - Hu, L. M.

AU - Hu, T.

AU - Hu, W.

AU - Huang, E. C.

AU - Huang, H. X.

AU - Huang, H. Z.

AU - Huang, X. T.

AU - Huber, P.

AU - Hussain, G.

AU - Isvan, Z.

AU - Jaffe, D. E.

AU - Jaffke, P.

AU - Jetter, S.

AU - Ji, X. L.

AU - Ji, X. P.

AU - Jiang, H. J.

AU - Jiao, J. B.

AU - Johnson, R. A.

AU - Kang, L.

AU - Kebwaro, J. M.

AU - Kettell, S. H.

AU - Kramer, M.

AU - Kwan, K. K.

AU - Kwok, M. W.

AU - Kwok, T.

AU - Lai, W. C.

AU - Lai, W. H.

AU - Lau, K.

AU - Lebanowski, L.

AU - Lee, J.

AU - Lei, R. T.

AU - Leitner, R.

AU - Leung, A.

AU - Leung, J. K.C.

AU - Lewis, C. A.

AU - Li, D. J.

AU - Li, F.

AU - Li, G. S.

AU - Li, Q. J.

AU - Li, W. D.

AU - Li, X. N.

AU - Li, X. Q.

AU - Li, Y. Z.B.

AU - Liang, H.

AU - Lin, C. J.

AU - Lin, G. L.

AU - Lin, P. Y.

AU - Lin, S. K.

AU - Link, J. M.

AU - Littenberg, L.

AU - Littlejohn, B. R.

AU - Liu, D. W.

AU - Liu, H.

AU - Liu, J. C.

AU - Liu, J. L.

AU - Liu, S. S.

AU - Liu, Y. B.

AU - Lu, C.

AU - Lu, H. Q.

AU - Luk, K. B.

AU - Ma, Q. M.

AU - Ma, X. B.

AU - Ma, X. Y.

AU - Ma, Y. Q.

AU - McDonald, K. T.

AU - McFarlane, M. C.

AU - McKeown, R. D.

AU - Meng, Y.

AU - Mitchell, I.

AU - Mohapatra, D.

AU - Morgan, J. E.

AU - Nakajima, Y.

AU - Napolitano, J.

AU - Naumov, D.

AU - Naumova, E.

AU - Nemchenok, I.

AU - Newsom, C.

AU - Ngai, H. Y.

AU - Ngai, W. K.

AU - Ning, Z.

AU - Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P.

AU - Olshevski, A.

AU - Patton, S.

AU - Pec, V.

AU - Pearson, C. E.

AU - Peng, J. C.

AU - Piilonen, L. E.

AU - Pinsky, L.

AU - Pun, C. S.J.

AU - Qi, F. Z.

AU - Qi, M.

AU - Qian, X.

AU - Raper, N.

AU - Ren, B.

AU - Ren, J.

AU - Rosero, R.

AU - Roskovec, B.

AU - Ruan, X. C.

AU - Shao, B. B.

AU - Steiner, H.

AU - Sun, G. X.

AU - Sun, J. L.

AU - Tam, Y. H.

AU - Tang, X.

AU - Themann, H.

AU - Tsang, K. V.

AU - Tsang, R. H.M.

AU - Tull, C. E.

AU - Tung, Y. C.

AU - Viren, B.

AU - Virostek, S.

AU - Vorobel, V.

AU - Wang, C. H.

AU - Wang, L. S.

AU - Wang, L. Y.

AU - Wang, L. Z.

AU - Wang, M.

AU - Wang, N. Y.

AU - Wang, R. G.

AU - Wang, W.

AU - Wang, W. W.

AU - Wang, X.

AU - Wang, Y. F.

AU - Wang, Z.

AU - Wang, Z.

AU - Wang, Z. M.

AU - Webber, D. M.

AU - Wei, H. Y.

AU - Wei, Y. D.

AU - Wen, L. J.

AU - Whisnant, K.

AU - White, C. G.

AU - Whitehead, L.

AU - Wilhelmi, J.

AU - Wise, T.

AU - Wong, H. L.H.

AU - Wong, S. C.F.

AU - Worcester, E.

AU - Wu, Q.

AU - Xia, D. M.

AU - Xia, J. K.

AU - Xia, X.

AU - Xing, Z. Z.

AU - Xu, G. H.

AU - Xu, J.

AU - Xu, J. L.

AU - Xu, J. Y.

AU - Xu, Y.

AU - Xue, T.

AU - Yan, J.

AU - Yang, C. G.

AU - Yang, L.

AU - Yang, M. S.

AU - Yang, M. T.

AU - Ye, M.

AU - Yeh, M.

AU - Yeh, Y. S.

AU - Young, B. L.

AU - Yu, G. Y.

AU - Yu, J. Y.

AU - Yu, Z. Y.

AU - Zang, S. L.

AU - Zhan, L.

AU - Zhang, C.

AU - Zhang, F. H.

AU - Zhang, J. W.

AU - Zhang, K.

AU - Zhang, Q. M.

AU - Zhang, S. H.

AU - Zhang, Y. H.

AU - Zhang, Y. M.

AU - Zhang, Y. X.

AU - Zhang, Z. J.

AU - Zhang, Z. P.

AU - Zhang, Z. Y.

AU - Zhao, J.

AU - Zhao, Q. W.

AU - Zhao, Y.

AU - Zhao, Y. B.

AU - Zheng, L.

AU - Zhong, W. L.

AU - Zhou, L.

AU - Zhou, Z. Y.

AU - Zhuang, H. L.

AU - Zou, J. H.

PY - 2015/2/11

Y1 - 2015/2/11

N2 - The Daya Bay experiment consists of functionally identical antineutrino detectors immersed in pools of ultrapure water in three well-separated underground experimental halls near two nuclear reactor complexes. These pools serve both as shields against natural, low-energy radiation, and as water Cherenkov detectors that efficiently detect cosmic muons using arrays of photomultiplier tubes. Each pool is covered by a plane of resistive plate chambers as an additional means of detecting muons. Design, construction, operation, and performance of these muon detectors are described.

AB - The Daya Bay experiment consists of functionally identical antineutrino detectors immersed in pools of ultrapure water in three well-separated underground experimental halls near two nuclear reactor complexes. These pools serve both as shields against natural, low-energy radiation, and as water Cherenkov detectors that efficiently detect cosmic muons using arrays of photomultiplier tubes. Each pool is covered by a plane of resistive plate chambers as an additional means of detecting muons. Design, construction, operation, and performance of these muon detectors are described.

KW - Cosmic ray

KW - Muons

KW - Neutrinos

KW - Underground

KW - Water shield

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84913554362&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84913554362&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2014.09.070

DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2014.09.070

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84913554362

VL - 773

SP - 8

EP - 20

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

ER -