The multicultural teaching competency scale: Development and initial validation

Lisa B. Spanierman, Euna Oh, P. Paul Heppner, Helen A. Neville, Michael Mobley, Caroline Vaile Wright, Frank R. Dillon, Rachel Navarro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article reports on the development and initial validation of the multidimensional Multicultural Teaching Competency Scale (MTCS). Data from 506 pre- and in-service teachers were collected in three interrelated studies. Exploratory factor analysis results suggested a 16-item, two-factor solution: (a) multicultural teaching skill and (b) multicultural teaching knowledge. Confirmatory factor analysis suggested that the two-factor model was a good fit of the data and superior to competing models. The MTCS demonstrated adequate internal consistency and was related in meaningful ways to measures of racism awareness and multicultural teaching attitudes. Participant responses were not associated with social desirability. Implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)440-464
Number of pages25
JournalUrban Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2011


  • multicultural teaching competence
  • scale construction
  • teacher education
  • teacher preparation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Urban Studies


Dive into the research topics of 'The multicultural teaching competency scale: Development and initial validation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this