The Most Rapidly Declining Type i Supernova 2019bkc/ATLAS19dqr

Ping Chen, Subo Dong, M. D. Stritzinger, Simon Holmbo, Jay Strader, C. S. Kochanek, Eric W. Peng, S. Benetti, D. Bersier, Sasha Brownsberger, David A.H. Buckley, Mariusz Gromadzki, Shane Moran, A. Pastorello, Elias Aydi, Subhash Bose, Thomas Connor, K. Boutsia, F. D. Di Mille, N. Elias-RosaK. Decker French, Thomas W.S. Holoien, Seppo Mattila, B. J. Shappee, Antony A. Stark, Samuel J. Swihart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report observations of the hydrogen-deficient supernova (SN) 2019bkc/ATLAS19dqr. With B- A nd r-band decline between peak and 10 days post peak of ALT="${\rm{\Delta }}{m} {10}(B)=5.24\pm 0.07$" SRC="apjlab62a4ieqn1.gif"/ mag and ALT="${\rm{\Delta }}{m} {10}(r)=3.85\pm 0.10$" SRC="apjlab62a4ieqn2.gif"/ mag, respectively, SN 2019bkc is the most rapidly declining SN I discovered so far. While its closest matches are the rapidly declining SN 2005ek and SN 2010X, the light curves and spectra of SN 2019bkc show some unprecedented characteristics. SN 2019bkc appears "hostless," with no identifiable host galaxy near its location, although it may be associated with the galaxy cluster MKW1 at z = 0.02. We evaluate a number of existing models of fast-evolving SNe, and we find that none of them can satisfactorily explain all aspects of SN 2019bkc observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL6
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 20 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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