In vivo studies suggest that centromeric protein E (CENP-E), a kinesin-7 family member, plays a key role in the movement of chromosomes toward the metaphase plate during mitosis. How CENP-E accomplishes this crucial task, however, is not clear. Here we present single-molecule measurements of CENP-E that demonstrate that this motor moves processively toward the plus end of microtubules, with an average run length of 2.6 ± 0.2 μm, in a hand-over-hand fashion, taking 8-nm steps with a stall force of 6 ± 0.1 pN. The ATP dependence of motor velocity obeys Michaelis-Menten kinetics with KM,ATP = 35 ± 5 μM. All of these features are remarkably similar to those for kinesin-1 - a highly processive transport motor. We, therefore, propose that CENP-E transports chromosomes in a manner analogous to how kinesin-1 transports cytoplasmic vesicles.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Apr 22 2008|
- Mitotic motor
- Single molecule
ASJC Scopus subject areas