The Location of Large-Scale Soil Moisture Anomalies Affects Moisture Transport and Precipitation Over Southeastern South America

Chu Chun Chen, Francina Dominguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Southeastern South America (SESA) is a highly productive agricultural region and a hot spot for land-atmosphere interactions. To evaluate the impact of dry soil moisture anomalies (SMAs) on SESA climate and the sensitivity of the regional climate response to the location of SMAs, we perform three experimental simulations using the Community Earth System Model (CESM) with prescribed dry SMAs over (a) SESA, (b) western SESA, and (c) eastern SESA. The dry SESA and eastern SESA simulations show widespread negative precipitation anomalies. In contrast, the dry western SESA simulation shows positive precipitation anomalies over northeastern Argentina, which are associated with the enhanced southward moisture flux co-located with the South American low-level jet exit region. A composite analysis of extremely dry cases over western SESA using reanalysis data agrees with the findings from our CESM experiment. These findings have potential implications for subseasonal forecasting in this region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2023GL106777
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume51
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 16 2024

Keywords

  • land-atmosphere coupling
  • regional atmospheric circulation
  • soil moisture-precipitation feedback
  • southeastern South America

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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