"The Kindness of Strangers": The Tip and the Minimum Wage in France, Germany, and the United States.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A large number of employees work for tips; but the tip is an ambiguous institution-in economics, ethics, social practice, and law. This article explores those ambiguities in three countries-France, Germany, and the United States. In all three serious efforts were mounted to suppress the tip. In all three those efforts failed. And all three eventually legislated a minimum wage. But the status of the customer's tip as the employer's wage varies in each. This essay explores how that has come about and why it is so.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-31
Number of pages29
JournalInternational Journal of Comparative Labour Law & Industrial Relations
Volume32
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

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France
Wages
Stranger
Germany
Employers
Employees
Social Practice
Economics

Keywords

  • Tips & tipping (Gratuities)
  • Minimum wage
  • Labor laws & legislation -- France

Cite this

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abstract = "A large number of employees work for tips; but the tip is an ambiguous institution-in economics, ethics, social practice, and law. This article explores those ambiguities in three countries-France, Germany, and the United States. In all three serious efforts were mounted to suppress the tip. In all three those efforts failed. And all three eventually legislated a minimum wage. But the status of the customer's tip as the employer's wage varies in each. This essay explores how that has come about and why it is so.",
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