A large number of employees work for tips; but the tip is an ambiguous institution-in economics, ethics, social practice, and law. This article explores those ambiguities in three countries-France, Germany, and the United States. In all three serious efforts were mounted to suppress the tip. In all three those efforts failed. And all three eventually legislated a minimum wage. But the status of the customer's tip as the employer's wage varies in each. This essay explores how that has come about and why it is so.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||29|
|Journal||International Journal of Comparative Labour Law & Industrial Relations|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2016|
- Tips & tipping (Gratuities)
- Minimum wage
- Labor laws & legislation -- France