The Kerr Canyon textile and the importance of packrats (Neotama floridana) in the eastern woodlands

Brad H. Koldehoff, Jenna Tedrick Kuttruff, Brian M. Butler, Marie S. Standifer

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Abstract

In 1974 a section of uncarbonized textile made from rattlesnake master leaves (Eryngium yuccifolium Michx.) was recovered from an eastern woodrat (Neotoma floridana) midden in a sandstone rocksheiter along Kerr Canyon in the Shawnee Hills of southern Illinois. Even though this important discovery was brought to the attention of local archaeologists, the textile went unreported and unanalyzed until its recent rediscovery. A radiocarbon assay of fibers removed directly from the textile produced a late Middle Archaic date (4500 B.P.). The Kerr Canyon Textile is significant because it is the earliest reported uncarbonized textile from Illinois and because it adds new information to the meager list of Archaic period textiles from the Midcontinent.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183--195
JournalM.C.J.A.: Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology
Volume33
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2008

Keywords

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    Koldehoff, B. H., Kuttruff, J. T., Butler, B. M., & Standifer, M. S. (2008). The Kerr Canyon textile and the importance of packrats (Neotama floridana) in the eastern woodlands. M.C.J.A.: Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 33(2), 183--195.