The Jamuna-Brahmaputra River, Bangladesh

James L. Best, Philip J. Ashworth, Erik Mosselman, Maminul H. Sarker, Julie E. Roden

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Bangladesh is dominated by three great rivers - the Jamuna-Brahmaputra, Ganga, and Meghna - that combine to feed sediment into one of the World's largest deltas in the Bay of Bengal. The Jamuna River has developed in a region of significant tectonic activity associated with Himalayan uplift and development of the Bengal foredeep. The bedload, although only ~10% of the total sediment load, is critical in generating a wide array of bedforms of different scale that drive channel change and migration. Within the Jamuna River, the ubiquitous occurrence of bifurcations and confluences is a key aspect of the river channel pattern and dynamics, and these features form important nodes in the braidbelt. The nature of floodplain sedimentation and inundation is vital in planning annual crop growth and may adopt great significance in the ongoing debate on the sources, causes, and accumulation of arsenic in the groundwaters of Bangladesh.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLarge Rivers
Subtitle of host publicationGeomorphology and Management
Number of pages62
ISBN (Electronic)9781119412632
ISBN (Print)9781119412601
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022


  • Bangladesh
  • Bifurcations
  • Confluences
  • Floodplain sedimentation
  • Jamuna-Brahmaputra
  • Sediment load

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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