The Ionospheric Connection Explorer Mission: Mission Goals and Design

T. J. Immel, S. L. England, S. B. Mende, R. A. Heelis, C. R. Englert, J. Edelstein, H. U. Frey, E. J. Korpela, E. R. Taylor, W. W. Craig, S. E. Harris, M. Bester, G. S. Bust, G. Crowley, J. M. Forbes, J. C. Gérard, J. M. Harlander, J. D. Huba, B. Hubert, Farzad KamalabadiJonathan J Makela, A. I. Maute, R. R. Meier, C. Raftery, P. Rochus, O. H.W. Siegmund, A. W. Stephan, G. R. Swenson, S. Frey, D. L. Hysell, A. Saito, K. A. Rider, M. M. Sirk

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The Ionospheric Connection Explorer, or ICON, is a new NASA Explorer mission that will explore the boundary between Earth and space to understand the physical connection between our world and our space environment. This connection is made in the ionosphere, which has long been known to exhibit variability associated with the sun and solar wind. However, it has been recognized in the 21st century that equally significant changes in ionospheric conditions are apparently associated with energy and momentum propagating upward from our own atmosphere. ICON’s goal is to weigh the competing impacts of these two drivers as they influence our space environment. Here we describe the specific science objectives that address this goal, as well as the means by which they will be achieved. The instruments selected, the overall performance requirements of the science payload and the operational requirements are also described. ICON’s development began in 2013 and the mission is on track for launch in 2018. ICON is developed and managed by the Space Sciences Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley, with key contributions from several partner institutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number13
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Volume214
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

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aerospace environments
ionospherics
requirements
aerospace sciences
payloads
ionospheres
solar wind
sun
momentum
atmospheres
twenty first century
ionosphere
energy
atmosphere
science

Keywords

  • Aeronomy
  • Atmospheric Waves
  • Geospace
  • Ion-Neutral Interactions
  • Ionospheres
  • Thermospheres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Immel, T. J., England, S. L., Mende, S. B., Heelis, R. A., Englert, C. R., Edelstein, J., ... Sirk, M. M. (2018). The Ionospheric Connection Explorer Mission: Mission Goals and Design. Space Science Reviews, 214(1), [13]. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-017-0449-2

The Ionospheric Connection Explorer Mission : Mission Goals and Design. / Immel, T. J.; England, S. L.; Mende, S. B.; Heelis, R. A.; Englert, C. R.; Edelstein, J.; Frey, H. U.; Korpela, E. J.; Taylor, E. R.; Craig, W. W.; Harris, S. E.; Bester, M.; Bust, G. S.; Crowley, G.; Forbes, J. M.; Gérard, J. C.; Harlander, J. M.; Huba, J. D.; Hubert, B.; Kamalabadi, Farzad; Makela, Jonathan J; Maute, A. I.; Meier, R. R.; Raftery, C.; Rochus, P.; Siegmund, O. H.W.; Stephan, A. W.; Swenson, G. R.; Frey, S.; Hysell, D. L.; Saito, A.; Rider, K. A.; Sirk, M. M.

In: Space Science Reviews, Vol. 214, No. 1, 13, 01.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Immel, TJ, England, SL, Mende, SB, Heelis, RA, Englert, CR, Edelstein, J, Frey, HU, Korpela, EJ, Taylor, ER, Craig, WW, Harris, SE, Bester, M, Bust, GS, Crowley, G, Forbes, JM, Gérard, JC, Harlander, JM, Huba, JD, Hubert, B, Kamalabadi, F, Makela, JJ, Maute, AI, Meier, RR, Raftery, C, Rochus, P, Siegmund, OHW, Stephan, AW, Swenson, GR, Frey, S, Hysell, DL, Saito, A, Rider, KA & Sirk, MM 2018, 'The Ionospheric Connection Explorer Mission: Mission Goals and Design', Space Science Reviews, vol. 214, no. 1, 13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-017-0449-2
Immel TJ, England SL, Mende SB, Heelis RA, Englert CR, Edelstein J et al. The Ionospheric Connection Explorer Mission: Mission Goals and Design. Space Science Reviews. 2018 Feb 1;214(1). 13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-017-0449-2
Immel, T. J. ; England, S. L. ; Mende, S. B. ; Heelis, R. A. ; Englert, C. R. ; Edelstein, J. ; Frey, H. U. ; Korpela, E. J. ; Taylor, E. R. ; Craig, W. W. ; Harris, S. E. ; Bester, M. ; Bust, G. S. ; Crowley, G. ; Forbes, J. M. ; Gérard, J. C. ; Harlander, J. M. ; Huba, J. D. ; Hubert, B. ; Kamalabadi, Farzad ; Makela, Jonathan J ; Maute, A. I. ; Meier, R. R. ; Raftery, C. ; Rochus, P. ; Siegmund, O. H.W. ; Stephan, A. W. ; Swenson, G. R. ; Frey, S. ; Hysell, D. L. ; Saito, A. ; Rider, K. A. ; Sirk, M. M. / The Ionospheric Connection Explorer Mission : Mission Goals and Design. In: Space Science Reviews. 2018 ; Vol. 214, No. 1.
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