The International Surface Pressure Databank version 2

Thomas A. Cram, Gilbert P. Compo, Xungang Yin, Robert J. Allan, Chesley McColl, Russell S. Vose, Jeffrey S. Whitaker, Nobuki Matsui, Linden Ashcroft, Renate Auchmann, Pierre Bessemoulin, Theo Brandsma, Philip Brohan, Manola Brunet, Joseph Comeaux, Richard Crouthamel, Byron E. Gleason, Pavel Y. Groisman, Hans Hersbach, Philip D. JonesTrausti Jónsson, Sylvie Jourdain, Gail Kelly, Kenneth R. Knapp, Andries Kruger, Hisayuki Kubota, Gianluca Lentini, Andrew Lorrey, Neal Lott, Sandra J. Lubker, Jürg Luterbacher, Gareth J. Marshall, Maurizio Maugeri, Cary J. Mock, Hing Y. Mok, Øyvind Nordli, Mark J. Rodwell, Thomas F. Ross, Douglas Schuster, Lidija Srnec, Maria Antónia Valente, Zsuzsanna Vizi, Xiaolan L. Wang, Nancy E. Westcott, John S. Woollen, Steven J. Worley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The International Surface Pressure Databank (ISPD) is the world's largest collection of global surface and sea-level pressure observations. It was developed by extracting observations from established international archives, through international cooperation with data recovery facilitated by the Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) initiative, and directly by contributing universities, organizations, and countries. The dataset period is currently 1768?2012 and consists of three data components: observations from land stations, marine observing systems, and tropical cyclone best track pressure reports. Version 2 of the ISPD (ISPDv2) was created to be observational input for the Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project (20CR) and contains the quality control and assimilation feedback metadata from the 20CR. Since then, it has been used for various general climate and weather studies, and an updated version 3 (ISPDv3) has been used in the ERA-20C reanalysis in connection with the European Reanalysis of Global Climate Observations project (ERA-CLIM). The focus of this paper is on the ISPDv2 and the inclusion of the 20CR feedback metadata. The Research Data Archive at the National Center for Atmospheric Research provides data collection and access for the ISPDv2, and will provide access to future versions.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-46
Number of pages16
JournalGeoscience Data Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2015


  • ISWS
  • ships
  • sea level pressure
  • surface pressure
  • observations
  • stations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'The International Surface Pressure Databank version 2'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this