The influence of family routines on the resilience of low-income preschoolers

Larissa K. Ferretti, Kristen L. Bub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Using data from the Birth to Three Phase (1996-2001) of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project, we investigated whether family routines at 14, 24, and 36. months play a role in the development of children's self-regulation and cognitive ability at 36. months. The moderating effects of child sex and race/ethnicity were also examined. Analyses revealed that routines do matter for child outcomes; concurrent routines appear to be critical for fostering self-regulation at 36. months, whereas early routines may be important for children's later cognitive ability. Second, the effects differed by child sex, with early routines having a stronger association for girls and concurrent routines having a stronger association for boys. Associations also varied by race/ethnicity such that routines appear to matter slightly more for African-American children than European-American and Hispanic children. Implications of these findings with respect to strength-based interventions for low-income preschoolers and their families are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-180
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Family routines
  • Low-income families
  • Preschoolers
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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