Using data from the Birth to Three Phase (1996-2001) of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project, we investigated whether family routines at 14, 24, and 36. months play a role in the development of children's self-regulation and cognitive ability at 36. months. The moderating effects of child sex and race/ethnicity were also examined. Analyses revealed that routines do matter for child outcomes; concurrent routines appear to be critical for fostering self-regulation at 36. months, whereas early routines may be important for children's later cognitive ability. Second, the effects differed by child sex, with early routines having a stronger association for girls and concurrent routines having a stronger association for boys. Associations also varied by race/ethnicity such that routines appear to matter slightly more for African-American children than European-American and Hispanic children. Implications of these findings with respect to strength-based interventions for low-income preschoolers and their families are discussed.
- Family routines
- Low-income families
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology