The impact of structural dynamics on job mobility rates in the United States

Taek Jin Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper examines the job mobility of young American workers in the turbulent labor market of the 1980s and 1990s. To study how structural dynamics affect job mobility, I test hypotheses on such major structural changes as industrial shifts and corporate merger movement. Event history analysis using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 suggests that structural changes played an important role in determining job mobility outcomes. Industrial expansion decreases the rates of employment exits and between-industry mobility, both upward and downward, net of demographic and human capital variables. Mergers decrease all kinds of job mobility rates, including employment exits and directional moves. This paper demonstrates that research in job mobility, industrial restructuring, and labor market inequality should be integrated in studying the connection between structural changes and individual behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1301-1327
Number of pages27
JournalSocial Science Research
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007

Keywords

  • Corporate merger
  • Event history analysis
  • Industrial changes
  • Job mobility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

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