The impact of childhood maltreatment on PTSD symptoms among female survivors of intimate partner violence

Robyn L. Gobin, Katherine M. Iverson, Karen Mitchell, Rachel Vaughn, Patricia A. Resick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors often report histories of childhood maltreatment, yet the unique contributions of childhood maltreatment on IPV survivors' distinct posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms remain inadequately understood. Method: Using interview and self-report measures, we examined IPV as a potential mediator of the association between childhood maltreatment and severity of PTSD symptom clusters (reexperiencing, avoidance, numbing, and hyperarousal) among a sample of 425 women seeking help for recent IPV. Results: Structural equation modeling demonstrated that while both childhood maltreatment and IPV were both positively associated with PTSD symptom clusters, IPV did not mediate the association between childhood maltreatment and severity of PTSD symptom clusters among acute IPV survivors. Conclusions: Childhood maltreatment has persistent effects on the PTSD symptoms of IPV survivors, suggesting that child maltreatment may need to be addressed in addition to IPV during PTSD treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)984-999
Number of pages16
JournalViolence and Victims
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Childhood maltreatment
  • Domestic violence
  • Mediation
  • PTSD
  • Structural equation modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Health(social science)
  • Law

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