The impact of a large bandgap drift region in long-wavelength metamorphic photodiodes

J. H. Jang, G. Cueva, D. C. Dumka, W. E. Hoke, P. J. Lemonias, P. Fay, I. Adesida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A comparative study of two types of metamorphic double heterojunction long-wavelength photodiodes on GaAs substrates is performed in terms of their bandwidths and responsivities. A P-i-I-N heterostructure with a large bandgap drift layer (I-InAlAs) at the cathode end of the photoabsorption region (i-InGaAs) is compared experimentally and theoretically to a P-i-N structure without a drift layer. Both types of photodiodes were fabricated using an InGaAs-InGaAlAs-InAlAs double heterostructure design to simultaneously achieve high bandwidths and high responsivities. The inclusion of an I-InAlAs drift region resulted in P-i-I-N photodiodes with larger bandwidths than P-i-N photodiodes with the same areas, or conversely a P-i-I-N photodiode can be made larger than a comparable P-i-N photodiode, but achieve the same bandwidth. Therefore, P-i-I-N photodiodes provide larger optical fiber alignment tolerances and better coupling efficiency than P-i-N photodiodes with the same bandwidths. P-i-I-N photodiodes with 10-μm-diameter optical windows typically exhibited low dark currents of 500 pA at 5-V bias, responsivities of 0.6 A/W, and a - 3-dB bandwidth of 38 GHz for 1.55-μm operation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1097-1099
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • GaAs
  • InGaAs
  • Metamorphic
  • P-i-I-N
  • P-i-N
  • Photodiodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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