A comparative study of two types of metamorphic double heterojunction long-wavelength photodiodes on GaAs substrates is performed in terms of their bandwidths and responsivities. A P-i-I-N heterostructure with a large bandgap drift layer (I-InAlAs) at the cathode end of the photoabsorption region (i-InGaAs) is compared experimentally and theoretically to a P-i-N structure without a drift layer. Both types of photodiodes were fabricated using an InGaAs-InGaAlAs-InAlAs double heterostructure design to simultaneously achieve high bandwidths and high responsivities. The inclusion of an I-InAlAs drift region resulted in P-i-I-N photodiodes with larger bandwidths than P-i-N photodiodes with the same areas, or conversely a P-i-I-N photodiode can be made larger than a comparable P-i-N photodiode, but achieve the same bandwidth. Therefore, P-i-I-N photodiodes provide larger optical fiber alignment tolerances and better coupling efficiency than P-i-N photodiodes with the same bandwidths. P-i-I-N photodiodes with 10-μm-diameter optical windows typically exhibited low dark currents of 500 pA at 5-V bias, responsivities of 0.6 A/W, and a - 3-dB bandwidth of 38 GHz for 1.55-μm operation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering