The Herpesviridae conserved multifunctional infected-cell protein 27 (ICP27) is important but not required for replication and oncogenicity of Marek's disease alphaherpesvirus

Nagendraprabhu Ponnuraj, Yung Tien Tien, Widaliz Vega-Rodriguez, Andrea Krieter, Keith W. Jarosinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Herpesviridae conserved infected-cell protein 27 (ICP27) is essential for cell culture-based replication of most herpesviruses studied. For members of the Alphaherpesvirinae, ICP27 regulates the expression of many viral genes, including expression of pUL44 (gC), pUL47 (VP13/14), and pUL48 (VP16). These three viral proteins are dysregulated during Marek's disease alphaherpesvirus (MDV) replication in cell culture. MDV replicates in a highly cell-associated manner in cell culture, producing little to no infectious virus. In contrast, infectious cell-free MDV is produced in specialized feather follicle epithelial (FFE) cells of infected chickens, in which these three genes are abundantly expressed. This led us to hypothesize that MDV ICP27, encoded by gene UL54, is a defining factor for the dysregulation of gC, pUL47, and pUL48 and, ultimately, ineffective virus production in cell culture. To address ICP27's role in MDV replication, we generated recombinant MDV with ICP27 deleted (vΔ54). Interestingly, vΔ54 replicated, but plaque sizes were significantly reduced compared to those of parental viruses. The reduced cell-to-cell spread was due to ICP27 since plaque sizes were restored in rescued viruses, as well as when vΔ54 was propagated in cells expressing ICP27 in trans. In chickens, vΔ54 replicated, induced disease, and was oncogenic but was unable to transmit from chicken to chicken. To our knowledge, this is the first report showing that the Herpesviridae conserved ICP27 protein is dispensable for replication and disease induction in its natural host.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0190318
JournalJournal of virology
Volume93
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • Herpesvirus
  • ICP27
  • Oncogenic virus
  • Replication
  • Transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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