The growth of minimally invasive lumbar spine surgery

Paul M. Arnold, Dean Chou, Cara L. Sedney, Xu Sun, Timothy F. Witham, Robert F. Heary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The first 2 decades of the new century have seen an explosion of new technology and surgical techniques in spine surgery, not the least of which has occurred in minimally invasive spine surgery (MIS). What was once the province of a few surgeons has become mainstream, with residents being trained in these procedures in every residency program. Originally used for lumbar discectomy, MIS techniques are now being adapted to resect intradural tumors and treat fractures in patients with polytrauma. In several centers, patients are undergoing outpatient transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion surgery. Even the field of spinal deformity—itself a beneficiary of recent intense interest and study—has also benefited from this revolution. Patients are leaving the hospital sooner, experiencing less postoperative pain, and returning to work sooner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberE1
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'The growth of minimally invasive lumbar spine surgery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this