The FKBP12-rapamycin-binding domain is required for FKBP12-rapamycin- associated protein kinase activity and G1 progression

Montserrat Vilella-Bach, Paul Nuzzi, Yimin Fang, Jie Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Abstract

The immunosuppressant rapamycin, in complex with its cellular receptor FKBP12, targets the cellular protein FKBP12-rapamycin-associated protein/mammalian target of rapamycin/rapamycin and FKBP12 target 1 (FRAP/mTOR/RAFT1) and inhibits/delays G1 cell cycle progression in mammalian cells. As a member of the novel phosphatidylinositol kinase-related kinase family, FRAP's kinase activity is essential for its signaling function. The FKBP12-rapamycin binding (FRB) domain in FRAP is also speculated to play an important role in FRAP function and signaling. However, the biochemical and physiological functions of FRB, as well as the mechanism for rapamycin inhibition, have been unclear. The present study focuses on investigation of FRB's role and the functional relationship between FRB domain and kinase domain in FRAP. Microinjection of purified FRB protein into human osteosarcoma MG63 cells results in a drastic blockage of the G1 to S cell cycle progression; such a dominant negative effect is reversed by a point mutation (Trp2027 → Phe). The same mutation also abolishes kinase activity of FRAP without affecting ATP binding, and truncation studies suggest that upstream sequences including FRB are required for kinase activity in vitro. Given these data, we propose a model for FRAP function, in which the FRB domain is required for activation of the kinase domain, possibly through the interaction with an upstream activator. In addition, our observations provide direct evidence linking FRAP function to G1 cell cycle progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4266-4272
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 12 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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