The fiscal cost of hurricanes: Disaster aid versus social insurance

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

Little is known about the fiscal costs of natural disasters, especially regarding social safety nets that do not specifically target extreme weather events. This paper shows that US hurricanes lead to substantial increases in non-disaster government transfers, such as unemployment insurance and public medical payments, in affected counties in the decade after a hurricane. The present value of this increase significantly exceeds that of direct disaster aid. This implies, among other things, that the fiscal costs of natural disasters have been significantly underestimated and that victims in developed countries are better insured against them than previously thought.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages168-198
Number of pages31
JournalAmerican Economic Journal: Economic Policy
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

Fingerprint

Natural disasters
Fiscal
Costs
Disaster
Hurricanes
Social insurance
Payment
Unemployment insurance
Developed countries
Weather
Present value
Social safety net
Government

Keywords

  • And the employment rate
  • The average wage
  • Total business transfers to individuals
  • Total government transfers to individuals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Cite this

The fiscal cost of hurricanes : Disaster aid versus social insurance. / Deryugina, Tatyana.

In: American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, Vol. 9, No. 3, 01.08.2017, p. 168-198.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

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