The oxy-ferrous complex is the first of three branching intermediates in the catalytic cycle of cytochrome P450, in which the total efficiency of substrate turnover is curtailed by the side reaction of autoxidation. For human membrane-bound cytochromes P450, the oxy complex is believed to be the primary source of cytotoxic superoxide and peroxide, although information on the properties and stability of this intermediate is lacking. Here we document stopped-flow spectroscopic studies of the formation and decay of the oxy-ferrous complex in the most abundant human cytochrome P450 (CYP3A4) as a function of temperature in the substrate-free and substrate-bound form. CYP3A4 solubilized in purified monomeric form in nanoscale POPC bilayers is functionally and kinetically homogeneous. In substrate-free CYP3A4, the oxy complex is extremely unstable with a half-life of ∼30 ms at 5°C. Saturation with testosterone or bromocriptine stabilizes the oxy-ferrous intermediate. Comparison of the autoxidation rates with the available data on CYP3A4 turnover kinetics suggests that the oxy complex may be an important route for uncoupling.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Aug 18 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology