The EXO-200 detector, part I: Detector design and construction

M. Auger, D. J. Auty, P. S. Barbeau, L. Bartoszek, E. Baussan, E. Beauchamp, C. Benitez-Medina, M. Breidenbach, D. Chauhan, B. Cleveland, R. Conley, J. Cook, S. Cook, A. Coppens, W. Craddock, T. Daniels, C. G. Davis, J. Davis, R. Devoe, A. DobiM. J. Dolinski, M. Dunford, W. Fairbank, J. Farine, P. Fierlinger, D. Franco, G. Giroux, R. Gornea, K. Graham, G. Gratta, C. Hagemann, C. Hall, K. Hall, C. Hargrove, S. Herrin, J. Hodgson, M. Hughes, A. Karelin, L. J. Kaufman, J. Kirk, A. Kuchenkov, K. S. Kumar, D. S. Leonard, F. Leonard, F. Leport, D. MacKay, R. MacLellan, M. Marino, K. Merkle, B. Mong, M. Montero Díez, A. R. Müller, R. Neilson, A. Odian, K. O'Sullivan, C. Ouellet, A. Piepke, A. Pocar, C. Y. Prescott, K. Pushkin, A. Rivas, E. Rollin, P. C. Rowson, A. Sabourov, D. Sinclair, K. Skarpaas, S. Slutsky, V. Stekhanov, V. Strickland, M. Swift, D. Tosi, K. Twelker, J. L. Vuilleumier, J. M. Vuilleumier, T. Walton, M. Weber, U. Wichoski, J. Wodin, J. D. Wright, L. Yang, Y. R. Yen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

EXO-200 is an experiment designed to search for double beta decay of 136Xe with a single-phase, liquid xenon detector. It uses an active mass of 110 kg of xenon enriched to 80.6% in the isotope 136 in an ultra-low background time projection chamber capable of simultaneous detection of ionization and scintillation. This paper describes the EXO-200 detector with particular attention to the most innovative aspects of the design that revolve around the reduction of backgrounds, the efficient use of the expensive isotopically enriched xenon, and the optimization of the energy resolution in a relatively large volume.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberP05010
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • Detector design and construction technologies and materials
  • Noble-liquid detectors (scintillation, ionization two-phase)
  • Time projection chambers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematical Physics
  • Instrumentation

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