The evolutionary consequences of biological invasions

Andrew V. Suarez, Neil D. Tsutsui

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

A major challenge of invasion biology is the development of a predictive framework that prevents new invasions. This is inherently difficult because different biological characteristics are important at the different stages of invasion: opportunity/transport, establishment and spread. Here, we draw from recent research on a variety of taxa to examine the evolutionary causes and consequences of biological invasions. The process of introduction may favour species with characteristics that promote success in highly disturbed, human-dominated landscapes, thus exerting novel forms of selection on introduced populations. Moreover, evidence is accumulating that multiple introductions can often be critical to the successful establishment and spread of introduced species, as they may be important sources of genetic variation necessary for adaptation in new environments or may permit the introduction of novel traits. Thus, not only should the introduction of new species be prevented, but substantial effort should also be directed to preventing the secondary introduction of previously established species (and even movement of individuals among introduced populations). Modern molecular techniques can take advantage of genetic changes postintroduction to determine the source of introduced populations and their vectors of spread, and to elucidate the mechanisms of success of some invasive species. Moreover, the growing availability of genomic tools will permit the identification of underlying genetic causes of invasive success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-360
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular ecology
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

Fingerprint

biological invasion
Introduced Species
Availability
biological characteristics
introduced species
invasive species
Population
genetic variation
genomics
new species
Biological Sciences
Research
methodology

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Behaviour
  • Genetic drift
  • Hybridization
  • Invasive species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics

Cite this

The evolutionary consequences of biological invasions. / Suarez, Andrew V.; Tsutsui, Neil D.

In: Molecular ecology, Vol. 17, No. 1, 01.01.2008, p. 351-360.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Suarez, Andrew V. ; Tsutsui, Neil D. / The evolutionary consequences of biological invasions. In: Molecular ecology. 2008 ; Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 351-360.
@article{5994c5fcd8514d71ab92c4ddcbe2f5cf,
title = "The evolutionary consequences of biological invasions",
abstract = "A major challenge of invasion biology is the development of a predictive framework that prevents new invasions. This is inherently difficult because different biological characteristics are important at the different stages of invasion: opportunity/transport, establishment and spread. Here, we draw from recent research on a variety of taxa to examine the evolutionary causes and consequences of biological invasions. The process of introduction may favour species with characteristics that promote success in highly disturbed, human-dominated landscapes, thus exerting novel forms of selection on introduced populations. Moreover, evidence is accumulating that multiple introductions can often be critical to the successful establishment and spread of introduced species, as they may be important sources of genetic variation necessary for adaptation in new environments or may permit the introduction of novel traits. Thus, not only should the introduction of new species be prevented, but substantial effort should also be directed to preventing the secondary introduction of previously established species (and even movement of individuals among introduced populations). Modern molecular techniques can take advantage of genetic changes postintroduction to determine the source of introduced populations and their vectors of spread, and to elucidate the mechanisms of success of some invasive species. Moreover, the growing availability of genomic tools will permit the identification of underlying genetic causes of invasive success.",
keywords = "Adaptation, Behaviour, Genetic drift, Hybridization, Invasive species",
author = "Suarez, {Andrew V.} and Tsutsui, {Neil D.}",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03456.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "351--360",
journal = "Molecular Ecology",
issn = "0962-1083",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The evolutionary consequences of biological invasions

AU - Suarez, Andrew V.

AU - Tsutsui, Neil D.

PY - 2008/1/1

Y1 - 2008/1/1

N2 - A major challenge of invasion biology is the development of a predictive framework that prevents new invasions. This is inherently difficult because different biological characteristics are important at the different stages of invasion: opportunity/transport, establishment and spread. Here, we draw from recent research on a variety of taxa to examine the evolutionary causes and consequences of biological invasions. The process of introduction may favour species with characteristics that promote success in highly disturbed, human-dominated landscapes, thus exerting novel forms of selection on introduced populations. Moreover, evidence is accumulating that multiple introductions can often be critical to the successful establishment and spread of introduced species, as they may be important sources of genetic variation necessary for adaptation in new environments or may permit the introduction of novel traits. Thus, not only should the introduction of new species be prevented, but substantial effort should also be directed to preventing the secondary introduction of previously established species (and even movement of individuals among introduced populations). Modern molecular techniques can take advantage of genetic changes postintroduction to determine the source of introduced populations and their vectors of spread, and to elucidate the mechanisms of success of some invasive species. Moreover, the growing availability of genomic tools will permit the identification of underlying genetic causes of invasive success.

AB - A major challenge of invasion biology is the development of a predictive framework that prevents new invasions. This is inherently difficult because different biological characteristics are important at the different stages of invasion: opportunity/transport, establishment and spread. Here, we draw from recent research on a variety of taxa to examine the evolutionary causes and consequences of biological invasions. The process of introduction may favour species with characteristics that promote success in highly disturbed, human-dominated landscapes, thus exerting novel forms of selection on introduced populations. Moreover, evidence is accumulating that multiple introductions can often be critical to the successful establishment and spread of introduced species, as they may be important sources of genetic variation necessary for adaptation in new environments or may permit the introduction of novel traits. Thus, not only should the introduction of new species be prevented, but substantial effort should also be directed to preventing the secondary introduction of previously established species (and even movement of individuals among introduced populations). Modern molecular techniques can take advantage of genetic changes postintroduction to determine the source of introduced populations and their vectors of spread, and to elucidate the mechanisms of success of some invasive species. Moreover, the growing availability of genomic tools will permit the identification of underlying genetic causes of invasive success.

KW - Adaptation

KW - Behaviour

KW - Genetic drift

KW - Hybridization

KW - Invasive species

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=37349101733&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=37349101733&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03456.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03456.x

M3 - Review article

C2 - 18173507

AN - SCOPUS:37349101733

VL - 17

SP - 351

EP - 360

JO - Molecular Ecology

JF - Molecular Ecology

SN - 0962-1083

IS - 1

ER -