The essential Schizosaccharomyces pombe gpi1+ gene complements a bakers' yeast GPI anchoring mutant and is required for efficient cell separation

Paul A. Colussi, Peter Orlean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Schizosaccharomyces pombe gpi1+ gene was cloned by complementation of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae gpi1 mutant, which has temperature-sensitive defects in growth and glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI) membrane anchoring of protein, and which is defective in vitro in the first step in GPI anchor assembly, the formation of N-acetylglucosaminyl phosphatidylinositol (GlcNAc-PI). S. pombe gpi1+ encodes a protein with 29% identity to amino acids 87-609 of the S. cerevisiae protein, and is the functional homolog of the S. cerevisiae Gpi1 protein, for it restores [3H]inositol-labelling of protein and in vitro GlcNAc-PI synthetic activity to both S. cerevisiae gpi1 and gpi1::URA3 cells. Disruption of gpi1+ is lethal. Haploid Δgpi1+:his7+ spores germinate, but proceed through no more than three rounds of cell division, many cells ceasing growth as binucleate, septate cells with thickened septa. These results indicate that GPI synthesis is an essential function in fission yeast, and suggest that GPI anchoring is also required for completion of cytokinesis. The nucleotide sequence reported will appear in the GenBank Nucleotide Sequence database under the Accession Number U77355.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-150
Number of pages12
JournalYeast
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1997

Keywords

  • Fission yeast
  • Glycosyl phosphatidylinositol anchors
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Genetics

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