The emergence of nasal velar codas in brazilian Portuguese: An Rt-MRI study

Marissa Barlaz, Maojing Fu, Zhi-Pei Liang, Ryan Keith Shosted, Brad Sutton

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Real-time MRI has become an increasingly useful tool in articulatory studies, especially in examining posterior regions of the vocal tract. Previous work on Brazilian Portugese has shown the emergence of coda consonants following word-final nasal vowels, though this has been limited to the discussion of front vowels and coda emergence in anterior regions of the vocal tract. We present rt-MRI evidence showing a narrow constriction between the tongue dorsum and velum emerging at the end of back nasal vowels, patterning similarly with velar stop consonants. Though our present subject does not show evidence of complete occlusion, we believe the small distance between the tongue dorsum and velum makes the emergence of a velar consonant highly likely. The emergence of these consonants is a result of sound change that further distinguishes oral and nasal vowel pairs. We also show the utility of advanced image processing methodologies to give a more accurate and computationally economical way to do speech articulation research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2660-2664
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH
Volume2015-January
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Event16th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2015 - Dresden, Germany
Duration: Sep 6 2015Sep 10 2015

Fingerprint

Magnetic resonance imaging
Patterning
Occlusion
Image Processing
Image processing
Likely
Acoustic waves
Real-time
Methodology
Evidence
Nasal
Coda
Velars
Brazilian Portuguese
Nasal Vowels
Consonant
Tongue
Vocal Tract
Sound
Speech

Keywords

  • Articulatory phonetics
  • Brazilian Portuguese
  • Epiphenomenal contact
  • Nasal vowels
  • Rt-MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Signal Processing
  • Software
  • Modeling and Simulation

Cite this

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title = "The emergence of nasal velar codas in brazilian Portuguese: An Rt-MRI study",
abstract = "Real-time MRI has become an increasingly useful tool in articulatory studies, especially in examining posterior regions of the vocal tract. Previous work on Brazilian Portugese has shown the emergence of coda consonants following word-final nasal vowels, though this has been limited to the discussion of front vowels and coda emergence in anterior regions of the vocal tract. We present rt-MRI evidence showing a narrow constriction between the tongue dorsum and velum emerging at the end of back nasal vowels, patterning similarly with velar stop consonants. Though our present subject does not show evidence of complete occlusion, we believe the small distance between the tongue dorsum and velum makes the emergence of a velar consonant highly likely. The emergence of these consonants is a result of sound change that further distinguishes oral and nasal vowel pairs. We also show the utility of advanced image processing methodologies to give a more accurate and computationally economical way to do speech articulation research.",
keywords = "Articulatory phonetics, Brazilian Portuguese, Epiphenomenal contact, Nasal vowels, Rt-MRI",
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T1 - The emergence of nasal velar codas in brazilian Portuguese

T2 - An Rt-MRI study

AU - Barlaz, Marissa

AU - Fu, Maojing

AU - Liang, Zhi-Pei

AU - Shosted, Ryan Keith

AU - Sutton, Brad

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Real-time MRI has become an increasingly useful tool in articulatory studies, especially in examining posterior regions of the vocal tract. Previous work on Brazilian Portugese has shown the emergence of coda consonants following word-final nasal vowels, though this has been limited to the discussion of front vowels and coda emergence in anterior regions of the vocal tract. We present rt-MRI evidence showing a narrow constriction between the tongue dorsum and velum emerging at the end of back nasal vowels, patterning similarly with velar stop consonants. Though our present subject does not show evidence of complete occlusion, we believe the small distance between the tongue dorsum and velum makes the emergence of a velar consonant highly likely. The emergence of these consonants is a result of sound change that further distinguishes oral and nasal vowel pairs. We also show the utility of advanced image processing methodologies to give a more accurate and computationally economical way to do speech articulation research.

AB - Real-time MRI has become an increasingly useful tool in articulatory studies, especially in examining posterior regions of the vocal tract. Previous work on Brazilian Portugese has shown the emergence of coda consonants following word-final nasal vowels, though this has been limited to the discussion of front vowels and coda emergence in anterior regions of the vocal tract. We present rt-MRI evidence showing a narrow constriction between the tongue dorsum and velum emerging at the end of back nasal vowels, patterning similarly with velar stop consonants. Though our present subject does not show evidence of complete occlusion, we believe the small distance between the tongue dorsum and velum makes the emergence of a velar consonant highly likely. The emergence of these consonants is a result of sound change that further distinguishes oral and nasal vowel pairs. We also show the utility of advanced image processing methodologies to give a more accurate and computationally economical way to do speech articulation research.

KW - Articulatory phonetics

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KW - Epiphenomenal contact

KW - Nasal vowels

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